Android is the most widely used operating system in the world today. There are more than 2.5 billion users, according to data revealed at this year's Google I / O event. During the company's annual conference, the latest version of Google's system, Android 10 (Q), was also announced.
Officially released in 2008, Android has accumulated a lot of history, and this includes curiosities that few people know. O dnetc prepared a list of ten questions and answers about the operating system, including the origin of the name and the famous little robot that illustrates the brand.
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The Android mascot was created by Russian designer Irina Blok Photo: Carolina Ochsendorf / dnetc
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Android is an operating system developed by Google for mobile devices. The software is responsible for managing all tasks of your mobile phone, as well as providing a visual interface for the user to use.
Android Inc. was founded in 2003 in California by businessmen Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White. Initially, the operating system would be for photographic cameras, but this market was not so big at the time. So the focus has shifted to mobile devices, rivaling Symbian and Windows Mobile. According to Rubin, the idea was to provide "smarter mobile devices that are more aware of their owner's preferences and location."
3. When did Google get into the story?
Android Inc. s was acquired by Google in 2005. The system was developed based on the Linux kernel. Promises included operating system flexibility and upgrades.
4. How was the first verse?
Android won a prototype in 2006 called Sooner. There was not yet a touchscreen and the device had a QWERTY keyboard. However, it has been altered to compete with other devices launched at the same time, such as LG Prada and Apple's iPhone.
5. What was the first device to receive Android?
Android was unveiled to the world in 2007 as an open source platform (open source) for mobile devices. The first commercially available smartphone to receive the system was the HTC T-Mobile G1, launched on October 22, 2008. The device had a notification window, Gmail integration and an app download center called Android Market.
First Android phone was the HTC T-Mobile G1; device had sliding screen Photo: Divulgao / T-Mobile
6. How did the company name come about?
The name of the operating system came from the love of robotics from its creator, Andy Rubin. Android was the nickname he got from his colleagues and later named the company. Interestingly, the address "android" was Rubin's personal website until 2008.
The company mascot was created by Russian designer Irina Blok. The inspiration came from the designs on the bathroom doors distinguishing the access between male and female. The company's only requirement was that the logo be a robot. Internally, this mascot called the Bugdroid.
Also note the similarity between the green little robot and the Android character of the game Gauntlet: The Third Encounter, released in 1990 for Atari Lynx.
8. Why do versions have candy names?
You may have noticed that all versions of Android have candy names, following an alphabetical sequence. Officially, the tradition started from Android 1.5. They are: Cupcake, Donut, Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo and Pie.
According to Randall Sarafa, a Google spokesman, the names came as an internal joke at the company, starting with the Android 1.5 Cupcake. During the presentation of Android 4.4 KitKat in 2013, the company explained that this tradition occurs because smartphones and tablets with its system sweeten the lives of users.
Running Android 4.4.2 (KitKat) on OneTouch POP2 Photo: Lucas Mendes / dnetc
9. Which verses were most striking?
Among so many versions, several of them marked time with their news. One of the highlights is Android 1.5 Cupcake, which introduced the virtual keyboard as we know it. Android 2.3 Gingerbread, the first gyroscope, has made it possible to use applications that require device positioning or motion identification.
Jelly Bean (4.1, 4.2 and 4.3) featured the emergence of Google Now, the company's personal assistant that allows you to answer questions and make directions based on user research and interests. Android 5.0 Lolllipop has renewed the handset interface by introducing the concept of Material Design.
Android 6.0 Mashmallow brought the touch unlock and change of connectors to USB-C standard. Android 7.0 Nougat was the first to have a split screen function, while Android 10 (Q) includes support for the 5G mobile network.
10. Besides smartphones and tablets?
Android focuses on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets, but not exclusively for them. Because it is an open and customizable system, it is also available in other electronic equipment. This includes smart TVs (Android TV and Google TV), photo cameras (Samsung Galaxy Camera) and even video games (Ouya).
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