This week we had the news that Google and Fiat would have signed an agreement to start filming aimed at implementing the Street View service in Brazilian lands. The terms of the contract were not disclosed, but it is clear that Fiat was the automaker chosen to supply the fleet of vehicles destined to perform the service. We also do not know how many cars there will be, but we are sure that the work of filming all the streets in Brazil, which will have to be done before the 2014 World Cup, will consume a significant number of vehicles, which will travel thousands, if not millions. kilometers.
It is important to worry about the volume of fuel to be consumed in this task and, as a consequence, the amount of CO2 that will be released into the atmosphere. Fortunately, Brazil is the only country in the world that can have its Google Maps Street View, without releasing CO2 into the atmosphere during the filming process of the streets.
The question is simple: the fleet will be produced by Fiat, in Betim ? MG and, because it is Brazilian, it will necessarily have flex engines. Brazil is the only country in the world that has a national network of service stations with sugarcane ethanol. This fuel emits a small percentage of CO2 in the environment, which is compensated by capturing the gas that causes the greenhouse effect caused by the sugarcane plantation itself. So, if Google is committed to supplying its fleet with only sugarcane ethanol (our popular alcohol), we will have a completely green Google Maps Street View. This is impossible in any other country in the world, even in the United States, which has the largest fleet of flex vehicles in the world (Brazil does not have the largest fleet of flex cars in the world), because there are not many service stations there of ethanol.
It is important to remember that the flex car fueled only with ethanol is the only really green vehicle that exists, because if we consider that in the countries that produce electric cars, there is a view, the United States and China, (which are considered green par excellence) , most of the electricity they consume is based on mineral energy. In other words, most of the energy consumed by electric cars is produced from thermal coal-fired power plants, which is the most polluting fossil fuel in the world. Thus, the myth that the electric car is green is dispelled. In fact, in today?s conditions of energy production, it is dirtier than the gasoline car. Clean is the flex car fueled with ethanol.
We Brazilians can be proud of having the only car fleet in the world that moves entirely with some percentage of biofuel. This is because even vehicles powered by gasoline only use alcohol, since our gasoline receives an addition of 25% ethanol. In addition, our diesel oil has the addition of 3% biodiesel (a percentage that will soon be increased to 5%). In Brazil, even locomotives are already powered by a mixture of oil and biodiesel, and Vale already plans to boost all of its locomotives with only biodiesel.
No other country is capable of doing this and Brazil stands in the international community as a major player in the energy market, notably at a time when everyone needs to reduce their CO2 emissions and the addition of biofuels to oil products is shown as a viable solution for the next 20 years.
Petrobras already has ethanol supply contracts with Japan, but it also intends to sell in large quantities to the United States, the European Union and China. With the advent of oil from the pre-salt layer, Brazil will be able to export gasoline and diesel with the addition of ethanol or biodiesel, as the case may be.
When doing Google Maps Street View Brasil, Google will have a great opportunity to show if its commitment to the environment is really true. To do so, it must go public and commit to only supplying its vehicles with ethanol. This, in addition to contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, would generate an excellent worldwide clarification about the energy matrix, which moves our fleet and encouraging other people to also use biofuels, as we do.