READ: 800 million data leaks over the Internet; see how to protect yourself
Personal identification documents, bank details, email addresses and social networking profiles are among the information that can be used by criminals for a variety of purposes, from identity theft to money laundering. In the following lines, the TechTudo has separated ten data about you that may be selling on the dark web.
List shows what your data may fall on the Internet Photo: Divulgao / Bully Hunters
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1. Site Login Credentials
Often used by criminals to apply scams, credential stuffing It is a technique of using stolen credentials for services other than those in which they were obtained. With the username and password combinations in hands, criminals use codes that perform mass attacks on the websites of interest. Because many people repeat the same login and / or password on multiple services, this data is used to try to access other platforms where hackers can get something of value, such as money, miles and expensive goods. The Serasa Anti-Fraud tool lets you know if your email has been exposed on the dark web.
CPF frequent target of fraudsters Photo: Nicolly Vimercate / TechTudo
The CPF (Register of Individuals) is one of the main forms of personal identification of Brazilians. By giving access to a range of transactions and services, the document has become a frequent target of fraudsters. In possession of the CPF, cybercriminals can generate huge financial losses from product purchases, funding, credit card applications, fraudulent businesses, and other actions that can cause a person's name to become negative and pass. appearing on the SPC (Credit Protection Service) and Serasa list. If the identity card (RG) is also in the hands of hackers, the chances of being the victim of financial scams are even greater.
Bank information is valuable to dark web criminals. The reason? Access to checking accounts is one of the easiest ways to steal money. According to a survey by cybersecurity company TrendMicro, the selling price of dark web bank accounts is determined by the available balance and usually ranges from $ 200 to $ 500 ($ 816 to $ 2,040, in direct conversion).
I need to take some care not to leak internet banking data Photo: Rodrigo Fernandes / TechTudo
Having email sales on the dark web can create a big headache. With unrestricted account access, hackers can do a number of things, such as phishing scams on people on the contact list, resetting a user's password on other Internet sites, and stealing the victim's identity. This is possible because many people receive invoices by email, which include information such as full name, address and telephone number. If criminals find personal photos in their inbox or sent items, the impersonation will be complete.
Another risk is that if hackers find area tickets or hotel reservation details in the email, I know the person will be away for a period of time. Combined with the address obtained from an invoice, this information paves the way for criminals to break into the victim's home. Although they allow for a lot of scams, email accounts are sold at a bargain price on the dark web: from $ 0.70 to $ 1.20 (R $ 2.86 to R $ 4.90, by the way). direct).
5. Account in relationship apps
Website accounts and social networking apps are sold on the Dark Web to those interested in applying catfish scams. Photo: Reproduction / Marvin Costa
Hackers use application accounts and social networking sites to apply catfish scams. By appropriating an existing profile, criminals have the advantage of being able to take advantage of the trust and intimacy that the person whose account was stolen has already built with the victim to manipulate it emotionally and solicit money. Fraud, however, can go much further: As warned by the FBI in August, some scammers use dating sites to lure "mules" for money laundering.
6. Netflix Accounts or Other Streaming Services
Hackers sell Netflix accounts for prices much lower than monthly subscription fee Photo: Carolina Ochsendorf / TechTudo
Many people like to have access to Netflix content, but they don't want to pay for the service. If you have any friends like that, they probably already asked for your account password. With hackers no different, except that they don't ask permission before they start watching movies and series. On the dark web, Netflix or other streaming platform accounts sell for low prices compared to the monthly subscription fee of the service. If you notice any unusual activity on your Netflix or Spotify history, for example, change the password immediately and log out of all devices.
7. Accounts on Pornographic Websites
Accounts on adult content portals are an important commodity on the dark web. Because porn sites often ask for a monthly fee to access videos, hackers circumvent the subscription by hitchhiking a legitimate customer's account. As with Netflix, profiles on these platforms sell for very cheap prices at around $ 1 ($ 4.10, in direct conversion).
8. Area Account Login Data
Although hackers can use your credit card to buy area tickets, this is a tactic that has been in the background at least on the dark web. As flights, especially international flights, are not cheap, there is a high chance that the bank will block the purchase or alert the victim of the suspicious transaction. That's why criminals are now more interested in stealing your account login information from local airlines: with credentials, they can spend their accumulated points on frequent flyer programs and decrease their chance of getting caught.
9. PayPal Payment Information
PayPal accounts are among the merchandise sold on Dark Web Photo: Divulgao / PayPal
Hackers have a special interest in accounts with payment information. In the case of PayPal, cybercriminals are less aware of credit cards recorded on the platform than the balance available on the service account. If they can gain access to a particular sign-up and find money available for movement, the PayPal account is likely to turn into merchandise on the dark web. The selling price varies according to the amount available.
Fortnite accounts with rare items attract interest on the Dark Web Photo: Divulgao / Epic Games
It may seem strange to see Fortnite among the items on this list. After all, why would anyone spend money on a game how free? The answer lies in accounts with rare items or special game modes, both features unlocked with credit card payments. If hackers gain access to accounts with these characteristics, they can sell them on the dark web to interested players. The rarer the items, the higher the price charged.
The exploitation of Fornite accounts does not stop it. The game has been used for money laundering. Some criminals use stolen credit cards to purchase V-Bucks, battle royale's virtual currency, directly from Fornite's official store. They then "launder" the money by re-selling the currency on various dark web platforms.
There are tips to protect yourself online and not allow personal data to be leaked Photo: Pond5
To protect yourself from scams and prevent your life from being exposed on the network, you need to take some precautions listed below.
- Do not expose your personal data on social networks or on unofficial or unsafe websites or platforms;
- Keep antivrus up to date on all your devices;
- Avoid storing personal data, banking or passwords in the browser and choose to use password managers, specific programs for this purpose;
- Reduce attention to emails that request information such as full name, social security number and bank account. Check the sender of the message to make sure it is not a phishing scam. If necessary, contact the institution in question;
- Use different passwords on each site;
- Give preference to internet banking applications over bank account access via browser;
- Avoid browsing sites without the HTTPS protocol.
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