American President Donald Trump has spoken out several times in favor of manufacturing Apple products in the United States. Many rumors suggest that this possibility exists, even if only a small portion of the work migrates from Asia to there.
Many of us, when we reflect on this, immediately think about the final price of the products, which can increase if this actually happens; however, as the Cult of Mac, perhaps something that Americans will need to adapt to the way a factory works like this, especially if it follows Foxconn and Pegatron, the main partners / assemblers of Ma products.
So, to show people a more realistic view of how to work in this type of factory, the student at New York University Dejian Zeng “infiltrated” one of Pegatron’s units and told the Business Insider what you experienced while working.
Zeng spent six weeks working at a Pegatron factory in Shanghai (China), during the transition period of manufacturing the iPhone 6s to 7. Just when he arrived, he went through two days of training and was assigned the job of placing a screw on the speaker of the devices just that, 12 hours a day, which he considered "quite boring".
As a precaution, employees are prohibited from taking electronic devices to work, so that there is no distraction (such as music, for example). They subject workers to metal detectors to make sure that no one has brought any devices with them. And Zeng saw this most strongly in August, when they started assembling the secret iPhone 7.
When we were producing the iPhone 7, there were Apple employees there every day to monitor the process, as it was a new product, they wanted to see if new problems arose.
The management of the factory becomes very, very careful. It needs to be very, very clean. Everything must be in place. The process changes a lot because it is usually just an assembly line. They make everything cleaner, since they wanted to keep the devices away from any dirt.
Working for 12 hours, but counting only 10 (for breaks), Zeng received the equivalent of $ 450 in the month (including overtime). He also rested in a dormitory provided by the company, which he shared with seven other employees. For obvious reasons, Zeng reported that most of his co-workers used cheaper Chinese cell phones like the Oppo and similars, their salaries did not even come close to the price of one of the devices they produced.
As much as the student came into contact with a reality quite different from his and considered everything quite bad, he still found someone who thought it was "something very cool" to work assembling the new smartphones. In reality, turnover is quite large and most do not stay in the factory for many months. One of the employees stated that “nobody likes the process”, but recalls that his intention is to earn money to support the family.
The security issue is something that Pegatron highly values. In the two days of training before starting work, the main focus is on safety and they even need to download an Apple app with relevant information about all training, overtime, etc. Zeng said Pegatron does appear to be very careful about safety and issues as underage workers.
After the experience, the student said that this only reaffirmed his willingness to pursue a career in defense of human rights.
The situation is quite bad, but sometimes it is good for something like that to appear on the media to awaken both those who support this type of work and those who are the final consumer. Violation of workers' rights is a recurring issue in factories of this type, which is unacceptable.
An Apple representative told the Business Insider that they make it a point to carry out regular audits to make sure that no one is working more than 60 hours a week, in addition to claiming that wages have increased by 50% in the past five years, the largest in Shanghai.
If we look at it from the outside, we are in a different context, we think everything is very bad. However, we cannot ignore that, for the inhabitants of there, this is perhaps the best or the only source of income. If someone really needs it, they won't care if the work is "boring" or boring. Not to mention that the Brazilian reality is perhaps not that far from it, I say this because I have already worked in a large cinema chain to earn very little and I know that there are much worse jobs in different parts of our own country.