When people enter the natural Linux world they get a little lost, over time names like GRUB, Distro, among others, are being assimilated by our intellect, yet there are always words we use, terms we hear that we don't always know the meaning to. Right, so the idea of this article arises, trying to clarify in a simple way some words that for those coming from other platforms may seem Greek.
Let's go then:
Console or Terminal: This is a program used to give keyboard commands to Linux. These commands are used to tell the operating system what to execute. Commands are entered one at a time. at theNormally, but combos can be used, this program is usually in the accessories section of the Distribution menu. Distribution: Linux itself only the operating system kernel. A Linux distribution is the next layer, something that makes it unique, where we find plenty of tools to make it easier to configure, and many applications that vary from one distribution to another. Examples are Linux distributions: Ubuntu, Fedora, Arch, Mandriva, Linux Mint, Fedora and many more. There are hundreds, you can choose your distro according to your needs and this is one of the coolest things about using Linux, if you don't like any of them you can still create yours. Distro: . Same as Distribution, just a diminutive Root: It is a type of user in Linux. He who has permission to perform any task on the operating system, the root user has special permissions, only he can install certain programs so it is necessary to enter your password when you install programs through the program center or Synaptic, for example. Repository: Connection pool and software packages commonly hosted on Internet servers. They are used to make it easy to find, download and install all the programs we use on linux. GRUB: ( Grand and Unifier Bootloader) a boot loader: the first thing to load when the computer starts, if the computer used in Dual-Boot, ie with two operating systems, through Grub we can select which one we want to boot. Kernel: kernel. The most basic operating system. the core of the system and this is what we should properly call LINUX with each update Other elements are added to increase functionality and usability, in the kernel that are the hardware modules, which would be something like Windows Drivers for devices. Package Manager: Graphical or text-mode application that lets you search, install, and uninstall applications along with their dependencies. Superuser: Same as Root GUI: I nterface Grapica of User, from English G raphical U to be Iinterface. It is the graphic part of the programs. "where you click". Daemon: continuous process that starts with the system. To make an analogy as if it were the programs or processes that are started together with Windows. Kernel Panic: Serious error, a system crash, can usually only be resolved with a reboot, something like the Blue Screen of Death in Windows, although it is very difficult to see this error in professional distrubuitions it can occur when a novice user compiles his own Kernel. GPL (G naked Public L icense): The Free Software license, which allows the program to be copied, modified, used and distributed without restriction except to close the system code. Open source: A move that supports sharing a program's source code but "prevents" unauthorized modification of the original author. Free Software Foundation (FSF) :. organization created to promote and publicize Free Software (the home of Tux) GNU ( G naked N ot U nix): The GNU project was a project started to create a totally free operating system with only free software, the project never got a full operating system, because it could never fully finish Kernel Hurd development, the project eventually adopted the Linux kernel, and then gave rise to an operating system, this union prevamped all GNU (really many) tools developed under the FSF, such as GIMP, Gnome, Emacs and others. Linus torvalds : Creator of Linux Kernel (God to the afflicted hehe). Richard Stallman :. Founder of the Free Software Movement in the World (FSF), in my words, a bright and decent guy X Window System: Software that was developed in the mid-1980s at MIT to provide a graphical interface for Unix systems. This protocol allows graphical network interaction between a user and one or more networked computers, making it transparent. Generally refers to version 11 of this X11 protocol, which is currently in use. X is responsible for displaying information on an operating system.
At the moment these are the terms I remember, this list can and should be expanded.
Contributions are welcome, just write more terms in the comments. Freedom of knowledge.
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