Maria Firmina dos Reis would make 194 this Friday (11). In honor of the novelist, Google's homepage celebrates the date with a Doodle. Maria Firmina was a Maranhão thinker, writer and abolitionist. She is the author of Orsula, considered the first novel written by a woman in Brazil and considered by many historians of literature as the pioneer in the theme of abolition, since it came before the work of Castro Alves.
The commemorative illustration was created by São Paulo designer Nik Neves and shows three facets of Maria Firmina: writer, reader life and activist for the rights of the black people in Brazil.
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194th Anniversary of Novelist Maria Firmina dos Reis celebrated on Friday's Doodle (11) Photo: Reproduction / Google
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His document records birth in So Lus on October 11, 1825, but Mary was born three years earlier on the same March day. Daughter of a slave and a free Brazilian, she was raised in her aunt's house, where she was literate. She started primary school at the age of 22 and became a teacher years later, a profession she held for 34 years.
The first Brazilian novelist published poetry, essays, articles and crosswords in newspapers and magazines of the time. She also composed music with the abolitionist theme. His work was known to place black women and men in a different perspective from the rest of literature as central subjects of history. Those who profited from the slave trade had their acts of torture revealed.
As an activist, she also founded the first school for black boys and girls in the country, eight years before the Urea Law. However, it was closed shortly afterwards for causing controversy in the village of Maaric, in the interior of Maranhao.
Although she enjoyed some openness in Maranhão society as a teacher, she suffered many kinds of distancing because she was black and never married. His public photos bore white women's faces and his work was silenced. Orsula was recovered only in the 1960s and finally gained the recognition it deserved.
Maria Firmina dos Reis died poor and blind on November 11, 1917, at the age of 94.
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