In 2018, half (50%) of scientists and engineers in Portugal were women, a figure higher than the average in the European Union (EU), which two years ago was around 41%. The data were released by Eurostat this Monday, within the framework of the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, which marks tomorrow, and put Lithuania first, being one of the few countries where there are more women than men in this area. .
Lithuania, Bulgaria and Latvia are the countries that fill the top 3, with regard to the greater representation of women in the fields of science and engineering. In these three alone, together with Denmark, the number of women in these sectors is higher than that of men.
In the national case, Portugal is "ahead" of countries such as Spain, France and Italy, the latter with a percentage of just over 30% of women specialized in the fields of science and engineering. In the other opposite, Finland (29%), Hungary (30%), Luxembourg (31%) and Germany (33%) appear, where less than a third of scientists and engineers are female.
At European level, the number of scientists and engineers in 2018 was around 14.8 million, with men in greater number. Two years ago there were about 8.7 million male professionals (59%), against the six million women in this area, which corresponds to 41%.
The highest percentage of men was found in the manufacturing area, with the percentage around 79%, while the reality in the services sector is already a little more different. In this case, 54% of professionals were men, against 46% of female professionals.
In these statistics, the United Kingdom is counted as "part", after leaving the EU on 21 January this year. Even so, country data are revealed, with the same percentage of the European average: 41%.
The International Day of Women and Girls in Science was established in 2015 and implemented by UNESCO and the UN. As an objective, the date aims to raise awareness of the critical role of women and girls in this area of society, contributing to equal opportunities and perceptions about science.