Until November 2007, alpha versions of Android circulated throughout Google's buildings. Alpha is a version that can be used, but has problems or bugs that prevent the product from being placed for public use.
But on November 5th, Android beta came into the world. Beta when there are minor product issues, and it can already be used by developers and enthusiasts who want to help with development and bug tracking.
A few days later, on November 12, Google released the system development kit (SDK), and new versions were released in the following months until September 2008.
The first commercial version of the system, 1.0, came only on September 23, 2008. That is, Android spent a year being improved until it hit the market within HTC Dream, the first Android to sell. In February 2009 came out Android 1.1, still for HTC Dream.
Finally, in April 2009, came out the Anroid 1.5, the first to have the name of a candy, a tradition that would exist until today. Check out the timeline:
- Android Alpha: Second Half 2007
- Android Beta: November 5, 2007
- Android 1.0: September 23, 2008
- Android 1.1: February 9, 2009
- Android 1.5 Cupcake: April 30, 2009
- Android 1.6 Donut: September 15, 2009
- Android 2.0 Eclair: October 26, 2009
- Android 2.2 Froyo: May 20, 2010
- Android 2.3 Gingerbread: December 6, 2010
- Android 3.0 Honeycomb: February 22, 2011
- Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich: October 19, 2011
- Android 4.1 Jelly Bean: July 09, 2012
- Android 4.4 KitKat: January 15, 2014
- Android 5.0 Lollipop: November 3, 2014
- Android 6.0 Marshmallow: October 5, 2015
- Android 7.0 Nougat: August 22, 2016
- Android 8.0 Oreo: August 21, 2017
Phew, were many versions in 10 years, the same? Not to mention the smaller versions like 7.1.1 (which we see on many devices being released today). And there is creativity for so many candy names that make us anxious each year, waiting to know which one to pick.
From 2014, the names were only put in versions with new numbers, which came right every year. In 2013 we had nothing, and in 2009 we had four different major versions.
From there to c, it may seem that little has changed, but the truth is that hardware has changed a lot, as have our needs and uses of the system. Everything is much more practical and faster today, and yet we are always asking for new versions. So many manufacturers don't even have the time to update everything.
When it was released, Android was only designed for touch screen devices. When tablets became popular, Google realized that even for large screens it was fit, and so came the Honeycomb version of the system. Today, Android is on every type of screen, practically: smartphones, feature phones, tablets, TVs, notebooks, wristwatches and even automobiles.
Creation and numbers
Android is based on the Linux operating system, and so has some of its software that is open source. It was developed by the company Android Inc. which was bought by Google in 2005 (right buy this one, no?).
According to Gartner IDC Tracker 2016 data, Android has a share of no less than 87% of the world market share, with a second place of only 12% occupied by Apple iOS.
But all this success has a cost: fragmentation. With so many gadgets being released and a huge need for news brought by the new versions, aside from the sale of older and lagged devices today, there is a huge fragmentation of versions of the system.
An XDA article reports that in early October, Oreo had only 0.2% penetration on Android devices. The system that has more devices accessing the Play Store (and this excludes devices before Android 2.2, which do not have store access) Marshmallow 6.x version, with 32%, followed by Lollipop 5.x, with 27.7%. A problem to be solved yet.
My first Android
As a birthday celebration, I share with you my first Android. The first one I took was not mine, it was for tests in the office where I worked. It was an HTC Dream, came with Android 1.6 Donut, and had that central navigational ball. It was not a big passion.
The passion came with the first Android I bought after having some Nokias with Symbian. When I tested the Motorola Milestone, it was love at first sight. He wasn't very handsome, but that retractable keyboard and huge touch screen caught my eye. He was on Android 2.3 Gingerbread and was my best friend for a few years.
Android forever changed the way I interacted with phones, which became real smartphones. Touch screens changed everything for me, and the evolution of cameras allowed me to always have a camera with me to record the best moments of life.
So let's celebrate this 10th birthday and wait for the next 10!
And you? What are your cool memories of Android? What was your first Android?
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