READ: YouTube lets you block unwanted channels; learn it
the duty of guardians to oversee the online activities of minors. Features such as parental control programs and apps help you manage what your child can access over the Internet. It is also important to teach the teenager how to protect themselves from dangers such as malicious programs. Check out the following list for some tips to minimize harm to children on the Internet.
Every day thousands of children are exposed to the dangers of the network. Photo: Pond5
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1. Surf the Internet all day
Children are most affected by one of the major negative impacts of the Internet today: excessive time in front of screens. This excess directly compromises sleep, social contact and eating.
Studies show that 8 to 12 year olds spend an average of 32 hours a week online without the accompaniment of adults. 11% meet the criteria for video game addiction diagnosis. The ideal time for this age range is 2 hours per day, as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Both on the computer and on the mobile phone, you can monitor the time children and teenagers spend on the Internet. Google Family Link and AppLock, for example, let you set smartphone usage time limits and lock your device at night. QualityTime shows the hours spent on each application. Today, Facebook and Instagram also reveal data about app usage. These features are also available natively in iPhone settings and some Android devices. In addition, control can be done on the PC and even in the home Wi-Fi router settings.
Internet access should be limited for children. Photo: Thssius Veloso / dnetc
2. Access prohibited platforms for minors
According to a survey by ICT Kids Online Brazil, 58% of 9- and 10-year-old Brazilian children with Internet access claim to have profiles on some social network. Already among the pre-teens (between 11 and 12 years), this number rises to 70%. If we consider the world average, the percentage grows even higher, reaching 85%.
Facebook, WhatsApp and YouTube are the most popular social networks among 8-12 year olds worldwide. However, legal age to access most of these sites is 13 years. All of these networks have strict rules regarding their age rating, and non-compliance may result in account deletion and loss. The minimum age to access Facebook and Instagram is 12 years old. Already WhatsApp 16 years in some countries in Brazil the rating of the free app.
Remember that some sites, games and applications ask the date of birth of their users before the first access. Prohibiting access to these children is very important for their physical and mental protection, as they are susceptible to online risks. Some famous sites have a separate children's version to prevent minors from accessing adult content, for example: Netflix Kids and YouTube Kids, which doesn't need to be accompanied by a guardian when using the Internet.
Before downloading apps and games, always look for the age rating. Photo: Lucas Mendes / dnetc
3. Publish personal information (home address, full name, school where you study)
According to recent surveys, 260 million children worldwide are subject to the dangers of the network, and the number is likely to reach 390 million by 2020. One of these risks comes from the disclosure by minors of their home address. , from the school where you study, your full name and that of your parents, as well as your telephone numbers.
The Internet can be a dangerous place because there is no guarantee of who is on the other side of the screen. Due to the ease in creating fake accounts, social networks are the favorite stages of pedophiles and profiteers. Always advise your child to avoid making friends online with people they do not know, and not to post their personal information or arrange to meet someone they only know virtually. Another important note is to avoid posting photos in which children appear in school uniform. After all, the t-shirt indicates where they study and facilitates the action of potential criminals.
I have to be careful not to post pictures of kids in school uniforms. Photo: Divulgao / Google
4. Participate in Internet challenges without the supervision of those responsible.
About 55% of children and pre-teens who have Internet access access YouTube. The platform has a huge amount of content aimed at this age group, and among them are the so-called virtual challenges. They consist of videos that propose games and activities to play, and reach high levels of popularity in a short time. However, these games are not always healthy and safe.
This is the case of the Blue Whale challenge, which became very popular from Facebook, where participants had to meet 50 challenges, the last task being to commit suicide. It is estimated that the game is related to more than 100 cases of teenage suicide worldwide.
To prevent children and adolescents from playing these games, it is important that the guardians always keep an eye on the browsing history of both the computer and social networks. Another form of security is to have access to the passwords of minors' social networks.
Online Challenges May Hide Risks Photo: Eduardo Manhes / dnetc
5. Online shopping without supervision
Officials should supervise the online shopping of children and adolescents to know the authenticity of the e-commerce portal. By reporting card data on unverified and untrustworthy websites, users may fall into scams through theft of this information.
To avoid such an indispensable situation that you always have a caretaker with the child at the time of purchase, and preferably be a more experienced user. You should always check the origin of the site, check if reliable and if the price offered matches the reality of the product to be purchased. Also, never let minors have access to credit cards or bank details. A good tip is to configure app stores to require a password when making purchases.
The Play Store is a safe option for those who want to buy games for kids. Photo: Playback / Google Play Store
Via Avast Blog and DQ Institute