The emojis turned 36 this Wednesday (19). The first record of the use of a face on the web, also called an emoticon, was on September 19, 1982 at 11:44 am, in a forum at Carnegie Mellon University, in Pittsburgh (USA), by Professor Scott Fahlmann. The teacher suggested using the combination ":-)"to identify jokes during the conversation, and":-("in topics that were not funny." Read (with your head) aside, "instructed the teacher to the participants.
READ: Understand the difference between smiley, emoticon and emoji
How to download new emojis for WhatsApp and Telegram on iPhone Photo: Carolina Ochsendorf / dnetc
Since then, emoticons have undergone graphic changes and developments, which have followed the behavior of society. The combinations became more complex, took on humanoid forms and started not only to identify the meaning of phrases, but to be part of the current communication, by expressing feelings and emotions.
Check, in the list below, the chronological evolution of the smiley faces that appeared with the combination of keyboard symbols and today, have become part of the daily communication.
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First Internet emoticon was a smiley used by Professor Scott Fahlmann in a forum at Carnegie Mellon University, USA Photo: Reproduo / Twitter Jon Erlichman
The word "emoticon" comes from a combination of the terms "emotion" and "icon", in English. The most famous of them the smiley ":-)", which represents a smiling face. From it, variations appeared with other letters and symbols on the keyboard to create new expressions, such as the scared face":-O"and the little guy with his tongue hanging out":-P". They were used a lot in emails and SMS text messages.
Possible emoticon found in a speech by American President Abraham Lincoln in 1862 Photo: Reproduction / The New York Times
Although the first digital record turned 36 this month, researchers found a possible smiley face similar to a smiley in a transcript of a speech by former US President Abraham Lincoln, from 1862.
Kaomojis are emoticons made with more complex text symbols Photo: Reproduo / Felipe Vinha
The first evolution of the faces was created in Japan in the 80s. Known as Japanese emoticons, the Kaomojis also use typographic characters to compose figures, but they are enhanced with more complex symbols, such as stars and differentiated features, forming more detailed facial expressions. Some examples are (= ^ ^ =) and ().
A famous kaomoji to this day has become known as Lenny Face (), which shows a face with "second intentions", often used with sexual connotations.
Despite being famous today, emojis were created in 1999 by Japanese designer Shigetaka Kurita. He developed the resource for the mobile Internet platform NTT Docomo. At the time, 176 12×12 pixel cones representing faces were launched, with the aim of facilitating electronic communication. The term "emoji" consists of the Japanese words "e" (figure) and "moji" (character).
Brazilians' favorite emojis are heart, face with heart in their eyes and applause Photo: Divulgao / Emoji Keyboard
The images were popularized by messaging programs in the 2000s, such as MSN Messenger. But, only in 2010, they were adopted by Unicode, the standard character indexing system, responsible for extending the reach of icons to the public through use by Apple and Google systems, up to the most popular model today. IOS, the iPhone's operating system, was also tasked with bringing emojis to life, with the recent creation of animators and memojis, animated faces made from the user's facial recognition.
In 2015, the emoji with tears of laughter was considered the word of the year by the Oxford Dictionary. It was the first time in history that a pictogram received this title instead of a word.
Facebook releases the use of stickers in social network comments Foto: Divulgao / Facebook
Created by Line, a popular messaging application in Japan, emojis have become "stickers", or animated stickers based on facial expressions, which can have sound and movement. This type of emoji is not so famous in Brazil, but it is available in some services. There are stickers from Disney characters, Hello Kitty and thousands of other personalities.
Annually, emojis receive updates to include new faces and increase the catalog. Unicode has already presented the icons that will be made available in 2019. They include red-haired, bald and curly-haired people, in addition to new facial expressions, animals, food and everyday items such as broom, soap and toilet paper, for example.
In all, 68 new emojis are confirmed by Emojipedia Photo: Divulgao / Emojipedia