The slow processing of data on the PC can be caused by a number of factors, from the lack of care with the hardware to the overload in the use of software. The absence of maintenance and bad habits can deteriorate the conditions of the system and cause frustrations, freezes and even more severe damages, which compromise the functioning of the computer.
However, some simple and quick actions can assist in the performance and memory usage of computers and notebooks. In this list, know eight attitudes that can improve the execution of software and the performance of the system of slow PCs.
Eight things that, if you do, can ruin your computer
Check out tips to make your computer faster without installing anything
1. Install many extensions on the browser
Browsers, such as Google Chrome and Firefox, may have improved performance by installing extensions. They are able to block ads, scan websites or translate languages, for example. However, these actions can hamper computer data processing and slow Internet browsing and program execution.
In the browser settings, disable or remove the installed extensions Photo: Reproduo / Daniel Ribeiro
Although some extensions block pop-ups, advertisements and links with malware, firewalls and antivirus programs, they can perform the same functions without overloading the system so much. Therefore, it is recommended that installed plugins be disabled or removed from browser settings.
2. Run many programs or processes at the same time
The activities of several software simultaneously can be very demanding on the PC's RAM memory, which compromises the device's operation and even causes errors and freezes. This performance limitation occurs because the activation of the programs depends on the amount of memory required, even if the task remains in the background.
End programs not used by the Task Manager or with Activity Monitoring Photo: Reproduo / Daniel Ribeiro
To improve the computer's performance when many programs are in use, activate the operations control applications: "Task Manager", in Windows (triggered by the commands "Ctrl" + "Alt" + "Del") or "Activity Monitoring "on Mac (activated by" Cmd "+" Space "keys). When accessing these tools, close the programs that are not usable at the moment, but remember to save the documents when necessary.
3. PC infected by some malicious program
Slowness while performing simple tasks can also indicate infection of the PC by viruses or malware. The activity of these malicious programs ranges from excessive display of improper advertisements, theft of computer data or the activation of background tasks, which end up damaging the equipment.
Antiviruses like McAfee are a great option to protect your PC from malicious programs Photo: Reproduo / Daniel Ribeiro
As an alternative to the problem, users should scan with anti-virus and anti-malware to eliminate threats, programs or corrupted documents. Software such as McAfee Livesafe, Kaspersky Internet Security, Bitdefender Total Security, ADWCleaner or Symantec Norton Security are recommended.
4. Background programs that consume a lot of memory
Computers with a Windows or macOS operating system may experience performance affected by auto-wake applications when the PC is turned on. Some of them may be necessary for security, such as antivirus and firewalls, while others can be kept disabled until the need to use iTunes, uTorrent, Microsoft Office, etc.
With the Task Manager it is possible to identify the programs that operate in the background Photo: Reproduo / Daniel Ribeiro
To configure the PC and slow the progress of programs in the background, start the operation control "Task Manager" in Windows ("Ctrl" + "Alt" + "Del") or "Activity Monitoring" in Mac ( "Cmd" + "Space") to check which ones are active. Then, open each identified application and change the configuration in order to avoid the instant start.
5. Using the PC straight for a long time
During the execution and closing of the programs, the PC leaves activities in the background, as well as more complex actions capable of reducing the RAM space. Likewise, the use of browsers, games and online programs also contribute to poor performance in data processing. This is due to the activation of software and APIs.
On the Performance tab in the Task Manager, you can check how long your PC has been on Photo: Reproduo / Daniel Ribeiro
Therefore, it is suggested that computers and notebooks be turned off or even reset, with certain frequency. In addition to the RAM memory being restarted, so are the general operating system processes. Another benefit is that, when rebooting, some programs, APIs and drives are updated and become better suited.
6. Drivers or outdated operating system
The difficulty in using the computer can also be influenced by the lack of updating of the operating system and the drivers, mainly of the video and network cards. Installing programs, games and APIs may require more or more appropriate data processing to modern versions of Windows or drivers.
Windows Defender Security Center notifies you of driver and operating system updates Photo: Reproduo / Daniel Ribeiro
An option is to check the Windows Defender Security Center to keep up with the need for computer updates and reboots, as well as visits to Mac Settings to install new versions. As for the drivers, it is recommended to run the applications periodically to check if new updates are available.
7. Very old computer
If the PC is five years old or more in use, for example, and there is no hardware update, it may be that the system conditions no longer meet the minimum requirements of some software. The launch of more modern programs and more demanding upgrades may lead to Programmed Obsolescence. This can target the computer and reduce the ability to update tools, drivers and important operating system functions.
PCs, in general, have a useful life of 5 years, but may have updated hardware parts. Photo: Luana Marfim / dnetc
To prevent the situation, it is advisable that, from time to time, parts of the hardware should be renewed, especially the video and memory cards. However, if the user does not use the computer for more modern games or programs with high information processing, just follow the new versions of drivers and APIs so as not to overload the device.
8. PC with dust accumulated inside
The concentration of dust in the ventilation areas and air inlets of the PCs can compromise cooling and cause a reduction in performance, caused by hardware overheating. In the same way, when computer and notebook respirators are blocked, the temperature rise can affect the functioning or even burn cards and connections.
Clean air intakes and the cooling system to avoid overheating Photo: Raquel Freire / dnetc
To avoid these situations, cleaning the air inlets with a brush and vacuum cleaner is recommended. The goal is to remove dust, hair, lint and other dirt. In addition, USB, cable and other types of connections must be cleaned periodically with cotton swabs. Since computers require special attention to internal cleaning, with care when handling wires, fans and boards.