In times of increasingly frequent cyber attacks – including involving government officials – many people have wondered about their real privacy and security when surfing the internet. Cookies and IP Address May Reveal More About Us Than We Think
We already know that when searching and searching, certain data about our preferences and interests is stored so that companies and advertisers can configure (and even manipulate) results, according to our browsing history.
The big question is how deeply a site has access to our records and what kind of information is collected. To do this, here are some key information about the two main access ports for your devices: cookies and IP address. In addition, we will also give you tips on how to improve your internet security.
What are cookies?
The goal is to record your activity on the page so that when you return, some functionality can be pre-configured and customized, allowing you to save time in the search process.
Thus, items left in a shopping cart are not automatically deleted; you have access to the latest viewed products; Forms have already been automatically completed, along with some other advantages, because of this previous data collection.
Cookies are harmless and do not carry viruses. However, the danger could allow a malicious website to send a cookie to your computer, as among other things, this tiny robot file is capable of collecting: the language used, your location, your personal data, login and password. of your email account and your IP address. In the latter case, the issue can turn into a tremendous headache.
The precautionary measure here is always to be sure to only accept cookies from trusted pages and, for the most prudent, to clear the cache assiduously.
What is the IP address (Internet protocol)?
Although only with an IP address number in hand can a hacker be able to hack into your computer, it is essential for initiating criminal activity such as spying on your webcam.
The IP address provides your approximate geographical location and the name of your ISP, which is theoretically not compromising information. However, if you do not have adequate protection systems, such as a firewall or antivirus software, access becomes highly vulnerable to attack.
Also, improper settings on the modem or router open breaches so that attackers can make successful attacks. After all, we rarely bother to create and maintain strong and secure passwords to protect your devices, even if apps that specialize in it already exist.
Thus, in the case of the IP address, caution must be doubled. The number is easily identifiable when making contacts, whether on social networks, communication services such as Skype, and especially when downloading and allowing files to be uploaded to the internet through sharing. peer-to-peer (P2P).
Make sure your operating system firewall is properly configured and working, as well as using a good antivirus as both are complementary and not exclusive. While the firewall is designed to protect your device against hacking and unauthorized traffic, antivirus acts to identify and eliminate malicious software that is designed to damage your computer.
Use a VPN service to protect yourself!
Last but not least, it is highly recommended to use a Virtual Private Network (VPN) service – especially when browsing the internet using public networks – where your IP address will most certainly be exposed, since the origin and reliability of that uncertain access provider. That way, even cookies won't be able to report where your connection is coming from.
In addition to encrypting sent and received data, the VPN provider provides you with an IP from one of its servers located around the world, thus masking your real location and allowing you to browse completely anonymously.
Did you already know the VPN solution to protect against malicious access to your computer or smartphone? Comment with us on how you often keep your equipment safe from hackers!