Carlos Drummond de Andrade would be 117 years old this Thursday (31). In honor of the writer, Google's homepage celebrates the date with a special Doodle. The artist was also a poet, chronicler, teacher, journalist, public servant and literary critic. Drummond considered one of the greatest poets of modern Brazilian literature and author of poems far ahead of his time, that broke formal rules in verse and expressed the tensions of contemporary life.
Doodle illustration depicts Drummond doing what he loved most about life: writing. The author appears writing on a piece of paper with an ink pen. At the bottom of the image is a montage of various everyday situations, such as reading a book, drinking a cup of coffee with a company and two people greeting each other. These everyday scenes can be interpreted as referring to the works of the author, who is known for expressing modern life.
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Google honors 117th birthday of Carlos Drummond de Andrade with Doodle Photo: Divulgao / Google
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Carlos Drummond de Andrade Biography |
Drummond was born in Itabira, in the interior of Minas Gerais, in 1902. Son of rural owners, Carlos de Paula Andrade and Juliet Augusta Drummond de Andrade. He studied at a boarding school in 1916 and, due to illness, began taking private lessons. Then he studied at a boarding school in Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro, in 1918.
The writer had his articles published in the Dirio de Minas in 1921. And the following year he won an award with the tale "Joaquim do Telhado" in the Novel Mineira Contest. In 1923, he started the Pharmacy course at the School of Dentistry and Pharmacy in Belo Horizonte. Also founded, in the same year, The Magazine with characteristics of modernism.
In 1925, the author married Dolores Dutra de Morais. They had two children, Carlos Flvio, who died half an hour after his birth, and Maria Julieta Drummond de Andrade.
The poet was also a teacher of Portuguese and Geography in Itabira. But returned to Belo Horizonte and worked as a copywriter in the Dirio de Minas. One of his most famous works in the Middle of the Way was published in the Journal of Anthropophagy of So Paulo in 1928. At the time, the poem had much repercussion in the media with the justification that was not poetry but a provocation.
Carlos Drummond de Andrade statue in the Copacabana Draft Photo: Reproduction / Brazil Agency / Tomaz Silva
Drummond moved to Rio de Janeiro in 1934 and assumed the post of chief of staff of the Ministry of Education and Health. He published "Confesses of Mines", his first prose book, in 1942. Throughout his career, the poet has published several poems and chronicles. For example, Family Travel, 1986, is a collection of poems by the author with English translations by the poets Elizabeth Bishop and Mark Strand.
Drummond has collected several awards, such as the Brazilian Union Writers Award. He was hailed as a reference of Brazilian popular culture and as an icon of Brazilian modernism. "Cano Amiga" was printed in Brazilian currency, and the writer won a statue on the side of Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro.
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