The relationship of Apple with the China has narrowed more and more. A few weeks ago, the first data center da Ma por l was announced and it was not just "whim", but to comply with the laws of the country.
In the specific case of Chinese laws, we all know that the dictatorial regime and, before embracing any idea of globalization within their market, they prefer to opt for solutions created by their own citizens / companies. Therefore, the fact that Apple has managed to enter and remain in this market while other companies such as Facebook and Google are admirable.
Certainly, Ma knows how to negotiate and please the Chinese government, which contributes massively to her stay there. An example of this was what happened last Saturday (7/29), when Apple removed all major VPN apps from the Chinese App Store.
One of the big companies that work with this service, ExpressVPN, released the email that Apple sent to developers, stating that the app needed to be removed from the Chinese App Store for violating one of the store’s guidelines. This guideline states that "apps must comply with all laws wherever they are available".
The company said it was disappointed with the help that Apple would be giving to the authoritarian regime and that "ExpressVPN strongly condemns these measures, which threaten freedom of expression and civil liberties". Still in the publication, the company states that users who are in China but use another App Store (with the billing address outside the country), will not be impacted, that is, tourists are safe.
As the New York Times, another company, VyprVPN, said it was disappointed that its software was also removed from the app store, recalling that it supported Apple in the battle against the FBI and hoped that Ma "would value human rights over profits".
According to TechCrunch, Apple said in a statement that the Chinese government announced this year that all developers offering VPNs need to obtain a government license. "We need to remove VPN applications in China that do not meet the new regulations," said the company. She also mentioned that the applications remain available in all other markets where they do business.
This may seem like a way for Apple to hedge itself, as the Chinese market accounted for about a fifth of the company's total revenue in the last fiscal year (a quarter of the $ 60 billion in operating profit), as reported by Reuters.
However, even though Edward Snowden wants to dispute (as usual), comparing this to Apple's with the collaboration of companies with the Apartheid regime and stating that helping censorship “goes over human rights”, if there is a guideline on the App Store which says that it is necessary for an application to comply with the laws of the country, it is up to Ma to just follow the rules.
Despite being a fantastic technology, some VPNs without credibility (usually free) may have helped to bring down the reputation of such services a bit (by supposedly allowing users to be spied on by not creating a properly protected tunnel). Influenced by this or not, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law to ban any and all software that allows to access websites anonymously. Nor can Russia be considered an example of democracy, and that means that when the law comes into effect next November, Apple may need to do the same thing in China as it did in China.
via TechCrunch: 1, 2
Update 08/02/2017 s 08:48
Tim Cook, at Apple's financial results conference last night, spoke a little more about this issue of removing VPN applications:
The central government in China in 2015 started to make regulations related to the more stringent VPN applications. We have several such apps in our store. Essentially, as a requirement for someone to operate a VPN, it is necessary to have a government license. Earlier this year, they began to renew efforts to enforce this policy. We were required by the government to remove some of the VPN apps from the app store that do not meet these new regulations.
We understand these same requirements in other app stores, as we have found that to be the case. Today there are still hundreds of VPN apps on the App Store, including hundreds of developers outside of China. We obviously prefer not to remove apps, but as we do in other countries, we follow the law wherever we do business. We firmly believe that participating in markets and bringing benefits to customers is in people's best interest there and in other countries as well.
We believe in getting involved with governments, even when we disagree. In this particular case, we hope that over time the restrictions we are seeing will be eased, because innovation really requires freedom to collaborate and communicate. I know a big focus there. as soon as we are seeing it from our point of view. Some people tried to connect the situation to that of the United States last year, but they are very different. In the case of the USA, the law supported us. It was very clear. In the case of China, the law is very clear by l. The same would happen if the USA changed its law, we must comply with it in both cases. This does not mean that we do not state our point of view properly, we always do that. So, that. Probably a little more than you wanted to know, but I wanted to speak.