THE Reuters reported this week that Apple, Google and Mozilla have taken reasonable steps to prevent the Kazakh government create a surveillance system over the internet using the Safari, Chrome and Firefox browsers.
Surveillance, according to Motherboard, it happens as follows: through an encrypted certificate that the Kazakh government forced its citizens to download, it was possible to intercept Facebook, Twitter, Google and passwords of basically the entire population.
This is because a root certificate (root) a file that, when installed in the browser, can read all encrypted traffic. The problem is that the Kazakh government, however, is not a reliable authority and has a history of using broad surveillance powers.
Earlier this month, Kazakhstan reported that it had suspended the implementation of such a system, the initial launch of which was described as a test. The country's security authorities said the system's goal was to protect Kazakh users from "hacker attacks, online fraud and other cyber threats."
The system has been suspended but could be re-deployed if any national security threat emerged in the form of cyber and information attacks, according to the Kazakh National Security Committee.
Apple, Google and Mozilla then decided to block the government-issued certificate, making their plans difficult. A spokeswoman for Ma made the following statement ZDNet:
Apple believes that privacy is a fundamental human right and we design all products to protect personal information. We have taken steps to ensure that the certificate is not trusted by Safari and that our users are protected from this issue.
According to MotherboardIt is a possible measure that the Kazakh government may adopt requiring the download of its own custom browser with the certificate already installed, rather than relying on companies such as Apple, Google, Mozilla and Microsoft to allow the use of their certificate.
We will see the unfolding of this story.