The old ghost that surrounds Apple's production chain last weekend haunted the company: a denunciation by the China Labor Watch (a non-profit group that investigates working conditions in Chinese factories) found that the Foxconn is one of Ma's largest partners in iGadgets violated certain labor laws in China.
Among the points raised by the institution are too many temporary workers. According to the report, published by Bloomberg, this kind of workmanship accounted for about 50% of the total out of work last August Chinese labor law stipulates a maximum of 10%.
The CLW said undercover investigators “worked” at Foxconn's Zhengzhou factory and found that the number of temporary employees, also known as “dispatching staff,” were even higher than the launch of the XS and XS Max iPhones last year. . Temporary duties include internships, and as many students returned to school in late August, the average employee in this category fell to 30% (which still represents a violation).
Our recent findings on working conditions at Foxconn's Zhengzhou factory highlight several issues that violate Apple's code of conduct. Apple has the responsibility and ability to make fundamental improvements to working conditions throughout its supply chain. However, Apple is now shifting costs from the trade war (between the United States and China) through its suppliers to Chinese workers, and profiting from their exploitation.
In a statement, Apple said it investigated the percentage of temporary workers in the entire Chinese factory team and found that hiring "exceeded the standards," so it would work with Foxconn to "solve the problem immediately."
We believe that everyone in our supply chain should be treated with dignity and respect. To ensure that our high standards are respected, we have a robust management system, starting with workplace rights training, interviewing factory employees, providing anonymous complaints channels and conducting audits.
In addition, Ma said it found that trainees at one of the factory's facilities worked overtime at night, which also violates company policies, but that this problem had already been fixed. However, the company "supported" the claim by saying that the interns worked overtime voluntarily and were properly paid.
At the same time, Foxconn also admitted to having uncovered an "over-reliance on temporary workers" and said it had begun a detailed investigation process to ensure all problems were resolved.
About 12,000 iPhones are mounted per shift at the Zhengzhou factory, according to data released by the CLW; The XS and XS Max iPhones, however, were considered “more complex” to assemble than the iPhone X, which required a larger number of temporary workers.
The "bomb" exploded on the verge of launching the new generation of iPhones, which will be presented tomorrow (9/10) at a special Apple event. Thus, we will see how Apple (and Foxconn) react to denunciation rather than once and for all prevent all kinds of irregularities involving the production of their devices from happening.