The Internet is fraught with dangers that can put your privacy at risk. Spam e-mails, suspicious links and banking scams are among the most common on the list, and you need to know how to protect yourself from them so that your data is not stolen or sold on the black market as a form of profit for cybercriminals. So the TechTudo gathered 10 tips for using the Internet safely and avoiding hackers.
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When creating a password, avoid short words and very simple numbers, such as your name and surname, license plate or birthdays, as they are easy combinations to be hacked. Use upper and lower case letters, numbers and symbols to create a strong, more elaborate password, with elements that make it difficult to discover.
See 10 tips for using the Internet safely and avoiding hackers Photo: Pond5
2. Use a password manager
Password managers are programs to assist those who have difficulty saving or remembering their passwords. In addition to helping the user to set up a strong password, the applications offer security, agility and practicality, as they store their login credentials to be used on various devices, whether on the computer or on the cell phone.
3. Change passwords frequently
Using the same password on multiple sites can put your data at risk. If a password is hacked, criminals will look for other accounts of that same user. Therefore, change your email and social media credentials frequently. Another tip is to create variations of the same password to facilitate the exchange and, mainly, to help memorization. Use the original as a base and change only a few characters with numbers, periods, etc.
4. Be careful when using shared PCs
The habit of sharing computers at home, at work or in public environments is still common. However, the practice doubles the risks of exposing your passwords and personal files. When using a shared computer, do not save passwords in programs or browsers. Also avoid taking actions that damage your bank details or documents.
need to be careful with public Wi-Fi networks Photo: Marvin Costa / TechTudo
Although several establishments offer free Wi-Fi to their customers, these connections are not secure, mainly for making payments or accessing any confidential data from accounts and credit cards. Give preference to your cell phone's Internet connection and share it only with trusted people who know the password.
6. Disable accounts on sites that you no longer access
The sites store various personal information of their users, in addition to email and password, especially those with shopping services. It is recommended that you disable accounts that you no longer access and delete your profile permanently. No website is completely secure, so it is important to keep your data where you can remember it.
7. Do not open suspicious emails
Did you receive a strange email from your bank? Do not open the message, as you may be the target of a scam. Criminals can gain access to your banking information, passwords and credit card numbers through a practice known as pishing. In these cases, the user's data is stolen by malicious programs, such as viruses and trojans, which are disguised in addresses in spam emails or on social networks.
Criminals can access your information through a practice known as pishing Photo: Pond5
The best way to protect yourself from opening suspicious emails. If the message comes from a friend, make sure the person actually sent it before clicking on any link. The user's account may be infected with malware that is transmitting the email.
8. Avoid downloading pirated software
Pirate programs often come from unknown sources and are targets of viruses and scams by criminals on the internet. Avoid downloading software as much as possible, as they can steal data and passwords from your computer. This is also true for browser extensions (applications that add extra functions to programs). Check user ratings and reviews about the app before downloading.
9. Use a pop-up blocker
In addition to annoying, pop-ups, those little windows that open by surprise in the browser, can be used to spread malware, scams and ransomware. One way to get rid of them by activating a native browser feature that allows you to block pop-ups automatically. And never update programs, like Flash Player, through these messages. Look for official sites to perform this type of download.
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10. Be careful when clicking on social media links
As mentioned earlier, social networks like Facebook and WhatsApp are constant targets of scams. Be careful with links to videos, stores or promotions, even if it is from someone you know. Send a message to confirm if the author of the post actually wrote that or if his profile is infected with a virus.