Over the next few years, SpaceX will be responsible for transporting Earth cargo to Lunar Gateway. The space platform, which floats in a more distant orbit than the International Space Station (ERA), will serve as the base for space missions bound for the south pole of the Moon, which must take place under the Artemis program.
ASpace X is the first commercial provider that the US space agency chose for the project. There are two deliveries for this job.
The company led by Elon Musk will use a variant of the Dragon space capsule, which will be different from the model being used for deliveries to the International Space Station. This new version was designed to hold five metric tons of cargo and to be launched in the free space of the imposing Falcon Heavy.
The construction of the lunar post should only begin in 2022 and the missions will only be completed when the structure is in orbit. It should be noted that the capsules should remain attached to the Lunar Gateway for six to 12 months – currently, the Dragon capsules remain attached to the EEI for only a few weeks.
Gwynne Shotwell, president of SpaceX, wrote in a statement that "returning to the Moon and supporting future space exploration missions requires an economical service and is capable of carrying large amounts of cargo". "Thanks to the partnership we established with NASA, SpaceX has been delivering essential International Space Station resources since 2012, and we are honored to be able to continue the work beyond Earth orbit and carry the cargo of Artemis missions at Gateway", finish.