The South Pole of the Moon is one of the most mysterious places on Earth's natural satellite, as it is in the area designated as the hidden side of Earth's view. Still efforts have been made to probe this area and, based on temperature data from NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, there are traces of water below the surface at its south pole.
ESA is preparing a mission to obtain samples of water and other resources, using a probe to be sent to the Moon, on board the Russian Lander Luna-25, planned for 2025. This Lander has the mission of recognizing the land of the lunar surface, through a specific chamber, so that future measurements are made with great precision, avoiding any danger to the technology used.
ESA is using a new method of extracting lunar water based on a project developed by young researcher Hanna Sargeant, from the Open University of the United Kingdom, which earned her entry into the top 30 Under 30 of Forbes. To extract the samples, a drill called ProSEED will be used, which is expected to contain ice and other chemicals that may be trapped at very low temperatures, between -150C below the surface and -200 in some areas.
The samples will then be received by the chemical laboratory ProSPA, developed by the team at the Open University. It is said that the samples will be heated, to extract the materials, and then analyzed.
Remember that last year an unknown mass was discovered under the lunar surface at the South Pole, in the hidden area of ??the Moon, considered five times larger than Hawaii.