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REMOTE ID – New US legislation could make ALL current drones illegal [+VIDEO]

We made a video highlighting the main points of the FAA proposal for REMOTE ID, below:


(03/03/20 update)

The mandatory public participation period in the development of the new drone flight regulation in the United States ended yesterday, March 2, 2020. more than 50,000 comments over a 60-day period, which will help US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to formulate the new rules document for unmanned ships that have become the hobby of many people.

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By the official guide, there is no time limit for the body in question to deliver the new version of the proposal, and with 50,000 comments to analyze, they can take months until the finalized rule becomes public. However, the update within this article explains which path will be taken from now on.

If the original proposal remains, all drones will need 4G chips to stay connected to the internet and be tracked by the US government simultaneously to the flight. In addition, the pilots will have an annual fee to be paid – excluding extra costs, such as the 4G internet plan that will be necessary – and ships weighing less than 250g (which escapes the Remote ID in certain places) may not exceed 120m away from control.

In general, the new regulation will certainly influence the entire world drone market. It is important to remember that decisions from other places may not be identical to those of the United States (mainly Brazil, which already has slightly different legislation), but most countries will have this change as a basis due to the American economic strength.

Details about the discussion you will find throughout the text below. So be sure to read!


Recently the FAA (Federal Administration of Aviation of the USA) began to disclose a new proposal to track all drones that are in North American soil. O Remote ID it would be a remote identification, which would collect all flight data. The main reason for imposing this new standard is the control of these aircraft. This would be like a record, which would identify the main data of the owners of the equipment, being able to make it responsible for possible negligence.

FAA Remote IDA FAA official site

Drones are becoming increasingly popular, with supporters using it in different ways. There are those who make images as a hobby, also those who use it for work, recording special moments or even for agricultural purposes. It is expected that in the future the uses will be extended to several types of segments, such as in deliveries – something that is already happening as tests in some countries, transporting to agencies -, and even air taxi. In addition, there are also many people who use them for racing.

FAA proposal and what Remote ID

According to the FAA itself (similar to ANAC in Brazil), the "Remote Identification The ability of a drone to provide identification information that can be received by other parties during the flight." These parts would be mainly the regulatory bodies, in the case of the USA, the FAA.

The proposal that with the control, it would be easier to regulate the so-called Unmanned Aircraft (UAS), read drones. The proposal says that the main priority is safety and protection.

The register would be able to identify which drone is flying, what is its model, where it is going (depending on the situation), what is its location, its GPS coordinates, who has been operating it, for how long, etc. All of this at the moment it is happening. This large database would be under the control of the FAA and also for use by the government in general.

Another delicate point raised by the new regulation that all segments will have to adapt in 2 years. This means that no drone can be launched after this period without considering this new law – and, again, when we talk about drones, it is not only related to models over 250 grams, but ALL: small, light, toy etc, EVERYTHING -. What's more: 3 years after the law is implemented, NO drone can fly outside the standard, otherwise it is illegal.

As yet another problem, every drone needs to pay a $ 30 annual fee for the organization that will manage the Remote ID system in the USA – not counting the operator's costs for the chip + internet plan that is necessary.

There's a really cool video of Rafael from the channel Dronemodelling which summarizes a lot of the main problems, Check it out below:

Other proposals for tracking drones

DJI, the main company in the drone industry, with 74% of the world market according to a 2018 report, commented on the FAA proposal. THE company says in favor of the initiative, but you think that some changes are necessary before it is implemented. Especially in how Remote ID works. That paid location system, which means that users would need to pay for a subscription to use it.

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As the company said, this monthly fee could be more expensive than the drone itself over time. Despite this, she recognizes the importance of having a tracking system, as well as license plates. DJI has been investing in a Remote ID system since 2017, but the service is offered free of charge to its customers, in addition to being an open standard and not needing internet access.

This is a solution that DJI is presenting to the committee. The company has been pushing since last year (2019) for regulatory bodies to require a tracking system from other companies. This is one of the main reasons for your Remote ID standard to be open, so that other companies can adopt it as a standard. In your individual case, a firmware update could solve the problem.

If the FAA proposal is accepted, all drones will need 4G chips to maintain the internet connection.

If the FAA does not relax its proposal, the solution will be add 4G chips to drones. This will give them access to the internet and be easily located. The main problem with this is the extra costs. Users will need to pay for the tracking application fees, in addition to internet plans specific to their equipment. Only the maintenance values ??of your drone can exceed its price in a short time.

Another factor is that if the rule applies to any and all drone models, a portion of the segment will be largely affected. These less professional and less expensive devices, which do not have much control, can start to be "clandestine". This can result in the end of commercialization of these types of devices and affect a number of companies that develop components.

There were more than 50,000 comments on the FAA proposal!

In this process of reformulating US legislation for drone flights, the first stage of development demands a period of 30 to 60 days of public participation, where the community can submit comments on the proposal before the FAA issues a final decision. The period opened by the body in question ended on March 2, 2020 and included more than 50,000 comments – About 50,850, to be more exact. However, the question what happens now.

According to the Rules Creation Process Guide made available on the US Federal Register website, the FAA's next step is to review the comments submitted to structure its final proposal. However, the body cannot base its decision solely on the number of comments for or against the original proposal. According to the document:

"At the end of the process, the agency must base its reasoning and conclusions on the regulatory record, which consists of comments, scientific data, expert opinions and facts accumulated during the prerequisite and proposed rule steps." – Excerpt from the American Rule Creation Process Guide.

There is no time limit for the FAA to deliver the new version of the proposal

In the Guide, there is no time limit for submitting the final version of the law – because 50,000 will not be taken into account overnight. However, the FAA must publish a preamble (report that precedes a decree or law) in the US Federal Register before the rule is finalized. This document includes:

– A summary of the proposal – The Effective Date of the Rule – Responses to the main criticisms received – Justification of why the body did not choose alternative options; e- Supplementary Information.

For the second point of the list above, it is important to mention that any section subject to the approval of the Paperwork Reduction Act (Paperwork Reduction Act) or Congressional Approval may exceed the expiration date. But, in general, the finalized rule becomes effective about 30 days after being published in the Federal Register.

Can I challenge the new rules from now on?It can. However, the document implies that individuals and companies can enter justice only after the legislation is finalized. The court may intercede if:

– the rule is unconstitutional, that is, it goes beyond the authority of the proposing agency (in this case, the FAA) or was made without following the procedures required by law; – the rule is arbitrary, tricky or presents abuse of criteria; – the head of the proposing agency does not act in a timely manner (this is in certain cases).

This whole process can take months

As already mentioned, there is no time limit for this entire process to occur. So it is possible – and likely – that take months until we see a new version of the FAA proposal.

Importance of a drone tracking system

There are several cases of user negligence, who fly in improper places. Many major airports have already been closed, in addition to fines. The main problem is when it is not possible to identify which user was causing the problems, which results in impunity or even the accusation of innocents. If there were a general tracking system, this problem would be easily resolved. However, it is very important to highlight that these are larger drones, very different from the FPV racer models that have an average range of 200 meters in distance and 50 in height, that is, well outside the reality of dones like the DJI models that reach 4km on WiFi models and 8km on radio models.

The tracking service can prevent impunity or the accusation of innocents

DJI compared the drone cars. It is possible to find the culprit for some traffic violation easily, just by the license plate of the vehicle. In this register there is all the information of the person responsible, making the recognition accurate. Remote ID would do something similar, but with much greater control.

The drone models most affected by the FAA proposal

As already mentioned, cheaper drones, which are used for fun, without any more serious intention, may stop being marketed. This is because it would not pay to keep the device with all the new requirements. But there is yet another category that is increasingly popular and is also under threat.

The so-called FPV Drones, they are equipment easily and assembled at home. Although there are ready-made models on the market, most assembled by the owner himself through the components he chooses, in DIY mode (Do It Yourself, or do it yourself). They are mainly used for racing and flying at higher speeds and with less distance between the drone and control, and most do not have internet access. All the user needs to control and most models of an FPV glasses (which shows the view of the drone's camera and helps to control it better, avoiding obstacles), and the drone itself.

The most affected drone segment is the FPV Racer

As they do not necessarily need GPS, since "grace" often controls them in difficult situations, these models rarely have extra connections or functionality different from the main proposal. These will be the most affected if the FAA standard is accepted in the way it is being proposed. Joshua Bardwell, FPV runner, made a video on his YouTube channel where he says that "The Remote ID proposed by the FAA is the end of the FPV hobby as we know it".

The corridors do not have equipment that needs very high investments. In a quick search you can find FPV Racer Drones for R $ 500, while any equipment a little more complete, like a DJI Mavic Mini for example, exceeds R $ 3,000, in the simplest scenario.

If the model is made by a US agency, why do I need to worry?

In fact, the FAA's proposal regulates only drones that are flying on American soil. If the proposal were approved today, technically Brazil would have no impact. Despite this, the North American model is replicated to other parts of the world. If large companies in the industry, such as DJI, Autel, Skydio, among others, needed to adapt their devices to the USA, the model would certainly be replicated to all other countries in the world, since it is a basic logic of costs and maintenance.

The US regulatory model is generally replicated in other countries

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The agency opened a grant-making process for people to contribute to the review

The North American market has enough strength to dictate what the rules will look like around the world. That is, if this is accepted, surely the other countries will replicate the model adopted as a standard. Although this is not a rule, this is already happening with other legislation on drones, and it is likely to continue, such as the drone's "take-off weight" legislation, which defines whether it needs or is not approved by an airplane agency.

BRAZIL

ANAC (National Civil Aviation Agency), which is responsible for the regulation of all aircraft – manned or not – in Brazil announced in 2019 that the rules would be changed. Currently, the Brazilian Special Civil Aviation Regulation No. 94 (RBAC-E No. 94) is in force. He compares and dictates the list of rules for flights with drones on Brazilian soil.

On November 5, 2019, the Agency opened a process to receive contributions from society for the revision of the current code. External participation is used in the preliminary phases, and is considered for the definition of later rules. It is very likely that the new FAA standards will be used for the final definitions for the Brazilian market.

The definition of the new laws should happen in March of this year

To understand what the current rules are and what I need to take flight with a drone in Brazil, access this article with all the information you need to know. Soon we will make a complete video on the subject, follow the World Connected on social networks, or subscribe to our YouTube channel to receive the notification as soon as the video goes live.

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