After years of working for the common good, finally the Apple joined FIDO Alliance to work on new, more practical and secure forms of authentication, as disclosed by the MacGeneration. The alliance formed by other technology giants, such as Amazon, O Facebook, a Microsoft and the Samsung.
For those who do not know it, FIDO is an open association whose mission is "to develop and promote security standards that reduce excessive dependence on passwords". This includes any method, from multifactorial authentication to standards without passwords, which use biometrics (such as Touch ID and Face ID) as physical security keys.
One of the priests developed by the aliana Universal 2nd Factor (U2F), which strengthens and simplifies two-factor authentication (2FA) from NFC-based USB devices, which makes it possible to approach authentication without a password. U2F security keys can be used as an additional method of two-step verification on online services compatible with the U2F protocol, such as Google, Dropbox and Facebook.
Apple recently added support for Safari safety keys compatible with the FIDO2 standard, such as the YubiKey, on iOS 13.3 and has long tried to make it easier for users to access their accounts without having to remember complex passwords. In 2018, the WebKit (Safari's rendering engine) joined the association to work on a new method of authentication on the web (WebAuthn) which would use Face / Touch ID to log in to websites.
Certainly Apple has a lot to contribute to the alliance (and vice versa), since the company managed to transform its gadgets in physical authentication keys with the creation of Secure Enclave (which equips the latest iPhones / iPads) and the T2 chip (on Macs).