Fake News was a major issue last year due to a presidential election. Even today, the role that this spread of fake news by political parties was investigated in the election result is investigated, for this purpose the fake news CPI was created and WhatsApp has banned millions of accounts until now due to the mass dissemination of false news and accounts automated to do so.
Therefore, we all have a responsibility to at least confirm the news and information that we are passing on. We as journalists have a responsibility to publish the truth, while the reader has a responsibility to always doubt. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to present ways to check the veracity of what we have received, seen on social networks or listened to.
A step by step of the most basic for checking news:
Always ask the source
The source is the most essential to give credibility to an information. Original fonts are always preferred. For example, if you have received data on some measure that the government has taken, the ideal would be to have access to the original publication in the Union Directory. However, this is still very little accessible and comprehensible to most Brazilians. Therefore, always look for news that cites the original source.
The known source? Do you know the website, newspaper or blog?
Sometimes the source of the information may be completely unknown or unreliable. So, see where the information comes from. a newspaper? Portal? Blog? Cites the original source? If a publication simply throws information without mentioning its origin, it is more than worthy of doubt.
Differentiate data opinion
It is common to use opinions as arguments. No matter the status of someone or the position he occupies, even the president (and especially) can state things publicly without a head or head. Therefore, if anyone discloses any information without source, that person alone cannot be used as a source of information. Even the opinions of professionals are in doubt. The credibility of speech is proportional to its formation, while data is data. A child can present a more correct speech than a professional if he is based on concrete data and the professional is based on his mere opinion.
Check two or more times
Did you get the source? Do you have credibility? based on facts? So now it's time to see if any other place is also talking about it. If so, you can share! Keep in mind that even a prestigious newspaper and a well-grounded story can have mistakes. So check more than one essential source.
Now, to make your life a little easier, here are some projects that do it all for you!
1. Fact or Fake
The Fact or Fake (g1.globo.com/fato-ou-fake). The investigation was carried out jointly by CBN journalists, at the time, Extra, G1, TV Globo, GloboNews, Jornal O Globo and Valor Econômico. The project checks for dubious and suspicious news that is circulating. So, for popular themes, a great place to check!
Comprova (projetocomprova.com.br) is a fact-checking project that relies on the teamwork of journalists from 24 different vehicles. The focus here is on the 2018 elections and everything that was deliberately invented and disclosed to deceive voters. All types of media are checked in the project and you can even send them something that you would like to be checked by Facebook, Twitter or by the number (11) 97795-0022 on WhatsApp.
3. Public Agency – Truco
The Public Agency (apublica.org), an investigative and independent journalism agency, that is, they are not financed by advertising or by companies, having full freedom to speak well or badly about anyone. And the Truco initiative is a specific project to check policy statements under any and all circumstances. So if a minister, mayor, deputy presented some "data" or "facts", Truco is here to check whether it is true or not! In addition, the agency is nonprofit, supported by donations and foundations and the central work focused on human rights.
4. Fake Check – Fake News Detector
Fake Check – Fake News Detector (nilc-fakenews.herokuapp.com) is a platform created by researchers from the University of So Paulo (USP) and the Federal University of So Carlos (UFSCar) to check for false news. Unlike the projects above, the work here is done digitally from the characteristics of writing. The system works on the web and on a WhatsApp bot at (16) 98112-8986.
5. The facts
Aos Fatos (aosfatos.org) is an agency that specializes in fact checking and is also a member of IFCN and hired by Facebook. It is another project that accepts complaints on Facebook and Twitter by means of posts marked with the hashtag #amosaosfatos. It is also possible to send materials directly through the website or through WhatsApp, on the phone (21) 99956-5882. The team of journalists checks the original sources of reported or suspected information and thus classifies them as true, inaccurate, exaggerated, distorted, contradictory, unsustainable and false.
The Lupa agency of the Folha de S. Paulo newspaper was the first in Brazil dedicated strictly to what is called fact checking. Also focused on the 2018 elections, the team classifies news as "true", "true, but", "too early to say", "exaggerated", "contradictory", "underestimated", "unsustainable", "false "and" eye ". The Magnifying Glass accepts suggestions of false news on the website and Facebook and also has a bot on Messenger that helps to verify if a real information or not.