Fanfics or fanfictions are fictional tales written by people who are inspired by existing franchises of books or series by other authors. The practice would have started in the late 1960s, with the creation of the fan magazine (also called "fanzine") with the title "Spockanalia, whose content was based on texts written by fans inspired by the Star Trek saga.
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The idea gained strength with the popularization of the Internet, which made the space for creative people to let their imagination run wild and create their own stories about their favorite characters. Check out what a fanfic is, who writes them, how they are classified and on what websites they can be found.
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Fanfic The short version of the word fanfiction, which literally means I am a fan, in free translation. The term was created to designate a trend that emerged in the late 1960s and became popular with the advent of the Internet.
The activity consists of fans writing their own stories using already existing fictional characters or universes. These contents are usually published on specialized websites and forums, such as Wattpad or Fanfiction.net, and there is no interest in financial return on the part of the authors.
There is no rule to create fanfiction other than being ashamed to write and free your imagination. The texts can be inspired by books, TV / Internet series or even by real life celebrities. Fan-writers can insert characters from titles already in another universe, or use the same world and introduce exotic creatures or even redefine the end of the original content. It is assumed that these materials are generally read by other fans who already have knowledge about the characters, places and elements involved.
Any fan can write fanfics and post them on the Internet on specialized websites Photo: Pond5
Types of fanfic: know the categories
Fanfics can be classified into different categories according to themes, number of words, genres, among other aspects. Check out the main types below:
- Angst: the anguish of the central characters that govern the stories of that genre. In general, the protagonists suffer for some reason, such as loss of some, termination of relationship, existential problems, among other issues.
- Oneshot: fanfics with only one chapter, which have no continuity.
- Drabble: tales with a maximum of a thousand words. According to the Urban Dictionary, they are usually written to highlight characters, events or a particular point of view.
- Canon: faithfully follow the original story, using the same characters and locations. They usually keep the couples created by the creator of the universe in which they are inspired.
- Crossover: fanfics that mix two different fictional universes, bringing together characters and items from Harry Potter and Twilight in the same story, for example.
- AU or alternate universe: when the characters are inserted in a universe different from that of origin.
- Lime: adult romance, not necessarily sexual. Suitable for over 16 years.
- Mary Sue: fanfics considered more water with sugar, in the style of romantic romance.
- Songfic: the story created based on a song.
Some renowned authors do not approve the production of fanfics Photo: Divulgao / Duaibili das Citaes
Do authors support with the creation of fanfics?
The way in which authors deal with texts made by fans from their own creations varies widely. According to the Reporter website, writer J.K Rowling, responsible for the Harry Potter book series, says she is flattered that people are so fond of the universe she has developed that she writes her own stories.
However, she also shows concern that gender remains a non-commercial activity, to ensure that fans are not exploited and do not publish in the strict sense of traditional print publishing, he explained.
J the writer George R.R.Martin totally against fanfictions. The creator of the Game of Thrones saga believes that the practice violates copyright laws, in addition to considering the activity a bad exercise for aspiring writers. Anne Rice, author of Interview with Vampire, took more drastic measures and requested that any content created inspired by her works be removed from the FanFiction.net website.
There are books that originated from fanfics and became famous Photo: Divulgao / Amazon
Fanfics success stories
The creators of fanfiction content, in general, have no interest in financial return in relation to the written content. However, some become so popular that they catch the attention of publishers and end up going the other way: leaving the Internet to stop on the pages of books.
One such case is that of the writer E.L.James, who created a fanfiction with spicy scenes among the protagonists of the Crepsculo series. When publishing the fanfic as a book, so as not to infringe on legal issues, the characters changed their names to Anna and Christian and the story won the title of Fifty Shades of Gray. Another example of success Anna Todd, who had the rights to her fanfic about the band One Direction bought for the making of a film and a book.
Not all series fans or books that enjoy writing about the subject, but many like to follow stories with alternative purposes, totally unthinkable paths or even finally see the novel in the original story. There are a number of websites and forums on the Internet where you can read the fictions written by fans, such as the international platforms Wattpad, Fanfiction.net, Quotev and Feedbooks. For those who want to read in Portuguese, the recommended Brazilian sites are Fanfics Brasil, Spirit Fanfics and Nyah! Fanfiction.