In the 2000s, Android and iPhone (iOS) mobile applications transformed people's behavior. With Skype, phone calls have become more dynamic; Netflix brought an indita experience with movies and series; and Tinder has made it possible to connect close people with similar love interests. O TechTudo recalls, in the list below, what life was like before the creation of some of the most popular services and the changes that came with the famous apps.
Generation 90: remember technologies that marked time and left you longing
On June 29, 2007, Steve Jobs introduced the first iPhone and new technology for mobile applications Photo: Divulgao
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The history of Skype started as a computer program in Estonia in 2003, but the following year, the service accounted for 1.5 million downloads, with 100,000 active users (currently around 300 million). Despite bringing new features to each update, the free program basically makes voice and / or video calls online, in addition to exchanging text messages.
When it started to be used, Skype was successful mainly among those who needed to make long distance calls, including international calls. In the 1990s, voice communication was basically done through landlines and cell phones with few active units. Calling someone in other states or countries was expensive and often involved an operator to complete the connection.
Skype has completely changed the way we make long distance calls, making a paid service free – and expensive Photo: Anna Kellen Bull / TechTudo
Calling a taxi in the early 2000s was not the simplest task. For that, it was necessary to have the phone number of the nearest point and wait for someone to answer. Depending on the location, this meant waiting around 40 minutes to 1 hour. On the street, the scenario could be more complicated, with high demand from interested parties. In addition, emergency situations could be worsened by the delay in service.
Today, with services like Uber, it is possible to order cars with drivers that are close to the user's location and can arrive in less than five minutes. Exactly because it offers a service similar to that of taxi drivers, the company founded in 2009 but which gained space in Brazil since 2016 has been the target of criticism. The prices are more competitive, as well as the payment methods are more secure. For many people, Uber is also a way to increase income in their spare time as a driver. Other platforms also compete for customers, including 99 and Cabify.
Apps like Uber have facilitated the mobility of taxi users, in addition to offering more competitive prices Photo: Divulgao / Uber
Having the opportunity to choose what to watch, when and where you want are just some of the reasons why Netflix is ??so popular with its users. The movie and series streaming service started in 2007, and currently has 130 million accounts in more than 190 countries, in addition to functioning as a producer and providing exclusive content for subscribers. When it was founded in 1997, however, Netflix was a movie rental service, sent by mail.
At the beginning of the 21st century, watching a movie or series was only possible on open television, with the interruption of commercial breaks; on pay TV, upon subscription to a package of channels; or from the association with a rental company. In practice, this meant a limited variety of options for schedules and titles, in addition to the delay in launching news.
Netflix brought freedom of choice to watch movies and series, whenever and wherever users want Photo: Carolina Ochsendorf / TechTudo
In order to meet new people in the pre-Internet era, it was necessary to leave the house, count on the help of friends or take chances in the flirt. In the early 2000s, it became commonplace on the web to access chat rooms and messaging services such as ICQ, tools capable of bringing together people with similar interests. In a way, it is possible to look at these services as Tinder's parents (or grandparents).
Created in California in 2012, the app won out as of 2014, and today it is present in more than 190 countries, with 1.6 billion daily "slips" and more than 20 billion couples combined. To meet someone new, just register in the application, able to cross profile information with geolocation data and suggest possible "matches" to users. From there, just slide to meet the other or not.
Tinder simplified flirting and currently counts 1.6 billion daily slips Photo: Divulgao
The music industry has been one of the most impacted with technology over the years. Vinyl, cassette, CD, mp3, download, streaming and social media have made it easier for artists and their works to access. Since 2008, Spotify has brought streaming to the mobile phone and has collaborated to democratize the consumption of music and podcasts, in addition to allowing users to discover news through the suggestions mapped with the help of artificial intelligence.
The service has over 83 million subscribers, which have a collection that exceeds 35 million songs. Looking back on the 90s, musical broadcasts were made over the radio or on specific TV channels and programs. An alternative was the computer's analogue and digital players, with very limited options and a lot of interference.
Spotify has a collection that exceeds 35 million songs and artificial intelligence to suggest different artists to users Photo: Anna Kellen Bull / TechTudo
When hunger hit the early 2000s, the alternatives were: go to the kitchen and prepare something, go out to eat or place an order over the phone. Almost 20 years later, the options are still valid, but using the phone does not mean making a call. Applications, such as iFood, offer several menu options with numerous restaurants, in addition to the possibility to pay on the same platform and still get good discounts.
The Brazilian company emerged as a website in 2011 and launched applications for Android and iOS the following year. Growth since then has been gradual and the service is already present in 15 states in the country, in addition to units in Mexico, Colombia and Argentina.
iFood transformed the way we order food at home by concentrating several menus and facilitating payment Photo: Ana Marques / TechTudo
Driving in the city or on the road has become much simpler since 2008, with the arrival of Waze. The GPS application goes beyond pointing out paths and indicates the best routes thanks to information sent by users. With the app, it is possible to know where there is traffic and other routine problems, share rides, among other facilities. Since 2013, when it was acquired by Google, although it was not the first of its kind, Waze has become an essential tool for those who drive, mainly, in large urban centers. Before that, the traditional GPS device was the alternative for drivers who could invest, as they were not cheap devices.
Waze users get to know if there is traffic on the route they are going to use before they even leave home Photo: Divulgao
A 3.5-inch floppy disk with a capacity of 1.44 MB was the most affordable option for storing and transporting digital files in the 1990s and until the beginning of the 2000s. Over the years, other options have emerged, such as CDs , ZipDrives and memory cards, but anyone with access to computers would have their stack of diskettes stored with the utmost care. There was a possibility that the files were corrupted and thus, all work was lost.
The cloud data storage offered by services like Dropbox are essential nowadays, as they save physical space no one needs more than floppy disks and offer 2 GB of memory free of charge, in addition to the easy access of different devices. The company was founded in 2007 and reached 100 million users in 2012, doubled the following year.
With Dropbox, carrying floppy disks, CDs, pendrives and the like is definitely out of fashion Photo: Anna Kellen Bull / TechTudo
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