New Coronavirus, also known as 2019-nCoV, has left 17 dead in China and more than 400 are infected
The world is following a mysterious virus that has put China on alert. Called Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), the outbreak has left dozens of people with symptoms similar to pneumonia. Chinese officials confirmed on Wednesday that the death toll had risen to 17 and there are still 444 people infected.
Other Asian countries have already been affected. They are: Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand. The United States registered the first case last Tuesday, January 21. According to the The New York Times, the person affected a 30-year-old man who arrived in Washington state.
According to the Ministry of Health, the Coronavirus they are viral groups capable of causing respiratory infections in animals and humans. They receive this name because of their specks in the species, which look like a crown.
In humans, the Coronavirus may cause mild or moderate breathing problems. The most common symptoms are: fever, difficulty breathing, sore throat, runny nose and cough.
There are still not many details about the variant of the virus that appeared in China (also called new coronavirus 2019 and 2019-nCov). THE World Health Organization (WHO) explains that several coronaviruses (which are known) are circulating in animals that do not yet infect humans.
With the advancement of research, it is possible to identify new viruses. For example, in 2002 it was identified that the SARS-CoV was transmitted from cats to humans in China. Between 2002 and 2003, the SARS-CoV left more than 800 dead. In 2012, they located the MERS-CoV on dromedary camels that infected humans in Saudi Arabia.
Chinese officials believe the new coronavirus 2019 emerged at a meat and fish market in Wuhan, China. The place also sells other animals such as rabbits and birds.
According to a report by VOX, Wuhan health officials report that patients infected with Coronavirus were mainly employees and business buyers. Therefore, there is a suspicion that the virus may spread to humans from one of the animals on the market.
Even so, new cases started to appear with people who were not in the market. That is, this brings an unfolding to the case, showing that the infection can occur from human to human. The Chinese government itself confirmed this information.
The NYT showed that a 30-year-old man is infected in Washington State, which is the first case in the country. He lives in Snohomish County (USA) and was in Wuhan, returning to the United States on January 15th.
Three of the country's major airports are being monitored: in New York (JFK), in Los Angeles (LAX) and in So Francisco (SFO). Chicago and Atlanta airports have begun to scan passengers arriving from Wuhan.
The risks for Brazil
A person in Brazil may be infected with Coronavirus. Confirmation came from Hospital Foundation of the State of Minas Gerais (Fhemig). The patient, a 35-year-old Brazilian woman, is admitted to the Eduardo de Menezes Hospital. According to the note released by State Health Secretariat, the patient was in Shanghai (China) and landed in Belo Horizonte on January 18th. She has symptoms compatible with the disease.
In this month, the Ministry of Health alerted the health surveillance of ports and airports to reinforce care and guide travelers.
Among the guidelines, are: use disposable handkerchief for nasal hygiene, wash and sanitize your hands frequently, wash your hands after sneezing and coughing, keep the rooms well ventilated, among others.
Symptoms may vary depending on the virus. But the most common are: respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, the person may have pneumonia, kidney failure, severe acute respiratory syndrome and even death.
Because it is a disease recently discovered, it is not possible to talk about effective treatments. THE World Health Organization says that when a new disease arises, there is no vaccine until it is developed. Her creation can take a few years.
There are reports that the National Institutes of Health He is already working on a vaccine to fight the disease. However, as the WHO has warned, it may take about a year to reach the posts and hospitals.
With new cases emerging outside China, there is a possibility of World Health Organization declare public health emergency of international interest any time.
The WHO will meet this Wednesday, January 22, in Geneva (Switzerland) to decide whether to enact or not the health emergency. The classification was used in other outbreak situations around the world. For example, in 2009, when the H1N1 virus peaked (the suna flu). It was also declared an emergency with Zika virus and yellow fever, which affected West Africa and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Sources: Business Insider; Vox; NYT; WHO; Ministry of Health; World Health Organization (WHO).