Installing programs on Linux can be easier than it looks: learn how to install and use Synaptic
In recent years, GNU / Linux, popularly known as Linux, won a greater number of users and one of the reasons is that the distributions became more friendly. However, many still have a great fear of knowing the Penguin universe, especially when it comes to installing programs. at that point that the Synaptic can be a practical alternative
For those who use WindowsIt is very likely that you are used to downloading a file, double-clicking on the executable and continuing with the installation. Easy and fast, the big problem with this procedure is the risk that the user runs when downloading from non-secure sites and installing a virus along with the file.
At the LinuxOn the other hand, it is one of the most traditional ways of installing programs using the dreaded terminal that may seem like a seven-headed bug at first, but in reality, once you get used to it, you see that it is no secret.
Installing programs on Linux from the terminal
The first step for those who want to install a program, before leaving for the terminal, look in the stores of the distributors. Such stores have a series of available applications and, to install a specific one, just search for it and click the Install button. The process is simple and quick.
If you can't find the program you're looking for in the store, you can install it from the terminal. To open the terminal window, search for it in the menu or press the keys CTRL + ALT + T. Still, do not let the robust appearance of the terminal scare you, it is simpler than it looks.
In the distributions Debian, Ubuntu and derivatives, just type the command sudo apt install packagename (or sudo apt-get install packagename, which can be used in specific cases), placing the package name in the indicated location. Using the sudo command, you use superuser privileges (such as the administrator's permissions on the Windows) and, before starting the installation of the program, it will be necessary to enter the user's password in the terminal. If your user does not have permissions, you may not be able to proceed with the installation.
The best part of the installation on the terminal that you don't need to decorate this to install programs, just look on Google install linux terminal xxxx program that numerous tutorials appear for you, in Portuguese or English. However, if you are still not comfortable using the terminal, you can use programs that do the job for you. One of them Synaptic, whose installation and use we show below.
Installing programs on Linux via Synaptic
O Synaptic a graphical system package management interface. That is, it serves to install programs and prevents the user having to perform this task through the terminal.
How to install Synaptic:
As already mentioned, you can, first of all, look for the Synaptic at your distribution store. Open the application and search for Synaptic. Just click on install. The example below from the Deepin distribution:
You can also install from the terminal (the procedure shown below is almost the same for Debian, Ubuntu, Deepin and the like). First, update the installation packages with the command sudo apt update (your password will be requested).
Then, type sudo apt install synaptic.
If the terminal asks if you want to continue (Do you want to continue? (Y / n)), type y, yes and press the Enter key.
If no error message appears, just open the menu and search for the Synaptic.
How to use Synaptic
When you click to open the Synaptic, your requested password. Just type it in and hit the Enter key. The program interface is simple and very intuitive (if a window appears when you open the program, just read the warning and close it).
To install a program, click search and search for the package you want. In the following example, we search for the browser Chromium.
You must click on the square in front of the package name, which is the first in the list, and then click on mark for installation. In doing so, the program will open a window showing what other requirements you must install for the program to function properly. You can click check.
That done, just click the apply button in the top menu. A window opens on the screen and you can check what you are going to install, check the space required by the applications and then click on apply. It gives you the option to just download the packages and, unless that is your goal, you should leave it unchecked.
Then, you must wait for the packages to download (the progress bar shown on the screen). After the download, the installation is carried out and, finally, a message is displayed that the modifications have been carried out successfully. You can expand the details tab to see what has been installed. Just click close. To open the installed program, just look for it in the menu, in a conventional way.
To uninstall a program, just go the other way. Click on the name of the installed program and check the mark for complete removal option.
Then, you must click on apply on the top menu, then on the window that appears on the screen (after checking what you are removing) and wait for the removal. The removal message is successfully displayed on the screen and you can verify that the program has disappeared from the menu.
Did this tutorial help you? Leave it in the comments and share it with your friends who have the Linux as an operating system.