In mid-2017, Apple announced its first data center in China in order to comply with the country's laws (which, in a very basic and summarized way, require data to be stored on Chinese soil). A year later, the data started to be controlled by the Chinese state operator created for this purpose. Now, Apple is following this same path in Russia.
A 2014 law put into practice in just the past year requires data to be stored for at least six months in data centers located in Russia. According to the Foreign Policy, Apple has everything to adhere to the new rules. The main problem with this is that, under the new regulation, Ma could be forced to decrypt data and provide it to security services without the need for a warrant.
It is not yet clear what data it will store on Russian servers. The company's registration with the regulatory agency lists items such as names, addresses, emails and telephone numbers as the types of data processed. For now, there is no mention of others that are also stored on iCloud such as photos, videos, documents, contacts and messages.
The problem is that local law makes a broad interpretation of personal data and applies it to anything that can be used to identify individuals or their behavior. This includes photos, music, books and many other content that can be indirectly defined as personal data, according to Sergey Medvedev, senior lawyer (specialist in internet and ecommerce laws) at the Gorodissky and Partners office, based in Moscow.
Many people, of course, did not like the news. Human rights activists, for example, fear that iCloud will be used as a weapon against opponents of President Vladimir Putin and his supporters. These broad interpretations of Russian laws mainly on extremism have already arrested dozens of people, who have been condemned by publications in social media criticizing the annexation of Crimea, Russia's military involvement in Syria or the Russian Orthodox Church.
Still according to the Foreign Policy, last year a Crimean tract activist was sentenced to two years in prison for reposing a video about a Ukrainian voluntary military unit followed by the comment ?Crimea was, and always be Ukraine!? even though the annexation of Crimea is admittedly illegal. by the majority of the international community, who consider it a Ukrainian territory under Russian occupation.
Last May, Russia asked Apple to remove Telegram from the App Store because the messenger refused to provide access to messages from users who were allegedly linked to terrorist activities, this pressure caused Ma to block Telegram updates for a while. period; on the other hand, the pressure of the media made Apple rethink the matter.
that old story: globally, Apple is a staunch defender of privacy; it would be plausible, then, to imagine that the company would not bend to requirements such as those imposed by the Chinese and Russian governments. However, such markets are too important for Ma (the company's international sales today represent about 60% of its revenue) and it would hardly open the door to the point of leaving the countries. Without a doubt, a very delicate subject.