One of the things that make Linux very different from other systems is the ability to use several different interfaces in the many different distributions that exist, let us know now the 7 most popular so you know what are the main options.
I have compiled a list here to show the graphic environments that I believe are the main ones, remember that they are not in a popularity order or even ordered from "best to worst" and vice versa, I am simply listing them , okay? Judging which is best for you is up to you only.
Desktop Enviroment and Graphic Interface
Although they are similar, "Desktop Enviroment" and "Graphic Interface" are not exactly the same thing. Desktop Enviroment encompasses much more than just the interface, but all the programs that make up the operating system. There may eventually be junctions between different interfaces and Desktop Enviroments, a system that uses an "X" graphical interface and uses applications that are part of another DE.
1 – Gnome
Gnome is one of the most popular Desktop Enviroments of all time, not just interface-only, but the various applications that make up it all, such as the Nautilus file manager, which is one of the highlights.
2 – KDE
KDE is also a big project like Gnome, the project's graphical interface, Plasma, used by thousands of people around the world. In addition, the KDE project has a variety of programs for various functions. Dolphin the file manager.
3 – Cinnamon Desktop
Unlike the first two, Cinnamon is a newer project. Created as a Gnome fork, Cinnamon today has a number of applications of its own, but it still doesn't have as many programs as the Gnome project. The file manager is Nemo, a Nautilus fork.
4 – MATE Desktop
Just as Cinnamon started out as a Gnome 3 fork, MATE started out as a Gnome 2 fork, keeping alive the taste of using this traditional desktop loved by many people, but of course it hasn't stood still in time, lots of improvements and optimizations. were placed in MATE, so we can say that MATE continued where Gnome 2 left off. The MATE Desktop file manager Caja.
5 – XFCE
Loved by users who like simplicity blended with lightness and a very customizable desktop, XFCE has gone its own way over the years creating its own identity. The default look of XFCE has a slash at the top and a menu with a search field currently, however, searching between distributions you will find several different customizations to the point where XFCE looks very different than it originally was. Its default file manager is Thunar, but besides that there are a number of project applications that help compose all of DE.
6 – Pantheon
Pantheon Desktop originated from the elementary OS project, a distribution that has always focused on design and elegance. Patheon is not yet a broad project, but it has several applications of its own development, besides the interface itself, the Pantheon Shell, the system file manager, the Pantheon Files, among others.
7 – Deepin Desktop Enviroment
Of Chinese origin, Deepin Desktop Enviroment has undergone many transformations over the years. It also started as a modification of Gnome, but today it has its own applications for practically all features, until recently Deepin Linux still uses Nautilus as a file manager, but even in the latest version released in Deepin Linux, gave Space for a new file manager called "Deepin File Manager" with similar functions.
What about Unity?
Unity, Ubuntu's standard environment, requires a different explanation. It has two versions, Unity 7, currently used on desktops, and Unity 8, currently used on Smartphones and Tablets, and if all goes well in the future on Desktops as well.
Unity 7, not exactly a Desktop Enviroment, is because it's a mix of elements that work very well together. With a "core" of, say, slightly modified applications from the Gnome project, and some applications themselves, such as Unity Control Center, Gnome Control Center fork, the interface itself, a plugin from the popular Compiz window manager. Unity 8 is much more like a traditional Linux Desktop Enviroment, with a fully developed interface and helper applications for the system. So let's say Unity is a "number 8" on our list, even with an asterisk.
In addition to this list of 7 is a mention, it should be noted that there are still more options, really Linux has many alternatives and you will surely find a set of desktop and interface that will please you among hundreds of distributions.
If you want to add other interfaces you like, more minimalist or any other kind of Desktop Enviroment, feel free, the comments are for you to share your knowledge.
See you next time!
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