Ubuntu 19.04 is a long awaited version of the community, even though it is not a LTS (Long Supported Version) and only 9 months old, I highly recommend your test, whether to see how things are getting to the next LTS, Ubuntu 20.04, or for personal use.
And how to proceed with post installation? Well, this is the ideal place to walk you through every step of the way.
Upgrading from Ubuntu 18.10 without reinstalling the system for an iso
If you are using Ubuntu 18.10, upgrading from Ubuntu to 19.04 is a simple task. But first of all, back up your data, after all the insurance died of old ().
To upgrade from 18.10, simply open the program Software and Updates and perform an update check, the tool will inform you that there is a new version of Ubuntu to download.
Another way via terminal, with the command:
sudo do-release-upgrade -c
Wait for the entire procedure until the new version.
Ubuntu 19.04 Installation
If you just installed Ubuntu 19.04, the following steps can be done for the best user experience and convenience.
1 – Ubuntu Initial Configuration
When you start the system for the first time, a screen of Welcome to Ubuntu appear, you can make some initial settings like:
Connect your accounts online, Google, Microsoft etc.
Create or login to your Ubuntu account for services like commenting on the Ubuntu store and using livepatch, (however it does not appear to be available in version 19.04), if you do not know what livepatch, we have one very detailed post about this powerful feature.
The option of maintaining or not Localization Services be presented. With the option enabled, applications will be able to make use of its geographical location, an identification shown when the feature is in use. Some applications like Gnome Maps make use of this service. As well as sending data for collection in the Privacy from the control panel, this feature can be enabled or disabled.
To end the screen of WelcomeUbuntu offers some Snap apps for installation. Later we touch on the subject Snap.
2 – Update the system
Even if you installed the system right after its launch, it is worth checking for new updates available.
For this in the Ubuntu menu search for Updater, a cone with a THE and two circling arrows. If there are updates, just click Install now, confirm your password and wait for the procedure.
After the upgrade is complete, the system will prompt you to restart the system and if a new kernel has been updated during the upgrade, I recommend that you restart immediately.
3 – Complete system package installation
If you installed Ubuntu connected to the internet, the installation of the system language packs will probably be complete. However it does not cost to check and if you have installed without access to the Internet, you should also do the same.
Go to the control panel, locate the session Region & Language and click on Manage Installed Languages.
Ubuntu will check if all packages for your language are installed, and if not, it will let you know. Just click install, confirm your password and wait for the procedure to complete.
4 – Install Multimedia Codecs
In recent versions, a new category has become part of Gnome Software (Ubuntu store), enabling the installation of codecs without the need for another program or terminal. Even though the package exists ubuntu-restricted-extras, where several codecs are added by installing them via terminal or Synaptic (which we'll talk about later), the Ubuntu store makes it possible to install codecs natively.
With the store open, click on the category Add-ons, and on the tab codecs, there will be several options. It is at your discretion to install them as needed, but it is better to have several than missing ().
5 – Install package management tools
Although the Ubuntu store is full of applications, there is a slight annoyance, its inability to find some packages without icons, for example terminal applications and add-on packages. So programs like Synaptic come into play, being a great choice for handling packages (if you don't want to use the terminal).
In the Ubuntu menu search for Ubuntu software, or even Store, the program has a cone of an orange bag (very suggestive).
In store, search for Synaptic (in the magnifying glass cone on the top bar). Be the first program, install it.
As mentioned earlier, Synaptic can be very useful in package management. For example, instead of installing Codecs one by one via Ubuntu Software, you can search Synaptic for ubuntu-restricted-extras, and Install the main codecs at once.
NOTE: Another option to install DEB packages, the Ubuntu store itself performs this function, only: GDebi package installer it's the Deepin Package ManagerYou can install some of these alternatives just by searching the store.
6 – Install OpenJDK for Java Applications
If you are using a Java application, you will need to install the OpenJDK to work on Ubuntu.
Open Synaptic, and search for default-jdk, the standard version of Ubuntu 19.04 is OpenJDK 11, but you can install other versions like 12 and 13. openjdk-12-jdk (replace 12 with the desired version).
Mark for installation and install the package.
7 – Installing Intel Drivers
If you have an Intel processor, you can install your driver simply. Open store, go to category Add-ons and on the tab Hardware drivers, select the option Beignet and install the driver.
8 – Install the latest Mesa Driver for Intel and AMD
Mesa Driver is an implementation of OpenGL that works between the video driver and the hardware, and its latest versions bring a survival in games, especially when we talk about Vulkan, DXVK, Proton etc.
So, not to be confused, Mesa Driver is not a video driver, and anyone who wants extra gaming performance has almost as much obligation to keep it in its latest versions on the system (let's be modest and install the stable version.)
NOTE: At the present time (18/04/2019) the verse of Mesa on Ubuntu 19.04, is in 19.0.2, while that of Padoka PPA, is in 19.0.1. This can be done in the future when the Padoka version is updated.
To this we will add Padoka's PPA, and whenever there are updates, Ubuntu will always have the latest stable releases on the system.
Search the Ubuntu menu for Programs and Updates, V in the second tab Other programs and click the button just below, add
And add the following content in the name text box APT Line:
ppa: paulo-miguel-dias / pkppa
Click the button Add Source, enter your password, after added, click the button Close. A window appears, indicating that the Information about applications is out of date, click in Recharge and wait for the whole process.
If you prefer via terminal, add PPA:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa: paulo-miguel-dias / pkppa
Then upgrade the system:
sudo apt update && sudo apt dist-upgrade
And ready! Mesa Driver is up to date!
9 – Install the Latest NVidia Stable Driver
To install the latest stable version of the NVidia driver, we have prepared a very detailed and complete post, with every step-by-step, either via graphical interface or via terminal. Visit the full post link.
10 – Choosing the best mirror and enabling Canonical partners
In the Ubuntu menu search for Programs and UpdatesWhen opening the program you will notice that it consists of several tabs.
In the tab Ubuntu Applications click in Download from: Other, a window appears. Ubuntu has this tool that chooses the best mirror, server for system downloads. This makes updates and installs of apps official repositories, much faster according to your region.
click in Select Best Server, wait for the test, choose what best by clicking Choose Server.
important to click Close and if the system requests to Recharge proceed this way.
In the second tab of the program, there is the option to enable Canonical PartnersThis repository is made up of some proprietary software and its extras.
Check the option Canonical Partners, and right after click on Close. If the program prompts you to reload repository information, do so.
11 – Configuring Flatpak
By default Ubuntu does not come with Flatpak enabled, let alone the Flathub repository added, as in Linux Mint, but the procedure is very simple.
The Ubuntu store integrates with Flatpaks, so you can install them via graphical interface, the video below demonstrates the whole process.
12 – Install Snap Applications
Canonical, the company responsible for Ubuntu, increasingly heads the Snap format, and there are several applications in this format that are interesting to try.
For example, I use the Discord and Spotify in Snap, to install Spotify and listen to your music, search for the app in the store and install it as normal.
13 – Download Google Chrome on DEB
At the end of the download, see where the file was saved, right click and choose the option Open with Program Install. (As previously mentioned, you can use an alternative like GDebi or Deepin Package)
The Ubuntu store will open, install the application normally.
14 – Setting Backup Options
Because it is a version with no focus on full stability, such as an LTS, expected any bugs, and as a better precaution than cure () a welcome backup manager. And the one that comes in Dj Dup. Just search for Backup in the system menu, and use the software, its very intuitive use.
15 – Native System Customizations
By default Ubuntu brings in its graphical interface, Gnome-Shell, some options, is no longer KDE Plasma of life, but you can make some customizations.
Open the app Settings In it we will adapt some options of Ubuntu to our need. It has a simplistic and user-friendly interface, with a panel on the left with several categories.
I will only demonstrate some options, otherwise this post would have a gigantic size ().
In BackgroundYou will be able to choose the image for wallpaper and lock screen.
In DockThere are some settings in the Ubuntu dock, which can change the size of icons, position and even automatically hide the dock as a window overlaps it.
In Apps You can customize which apps will have notifications on the system, and depending on the software (as an example I selected the music player), choose the types of files it handles (or runs) by default. This gives you more control over the formats and their default programs.
One thing I do not like, when the PC screen goes off alone, I know that in the case of notebooks can save battery, however always disable this function. To do this simply access the category Energy and set up at your will.
Not to force your eyes, in the category Devices and then Monitors, you can turn on Night Light mode, which adjusts monitor tones over time.
16 – Customizations via Gnome Tweaks
In the above topic I have shown some of the configurations offered natively by Ubuntu, but there is an indispensable tool for anyone using Ubuntu or any other system with the Gnome Shell interface, its name. Gnome Tweaks, and to install it just search the store by its name or Gnome Settings, a tool that should come natively.
With it you can enable and disable system animations, configure extensions, themes and icons and much more. dark theme from Ubuntu accompanies the system, but does not have a native option to exchange themes, only using this tool the common user can enable this option.
17 – Adding Extensions to Gnome-Shell
If there is anything that can make using Gnome Shell more practical, it's just its extensions. However, care must be taken, as such modifications may lead to some interface error. For example the latest version of the extension of CPU-Freq is giving error in Ubuntu 18.04then all little care, and backup too
To back up your extensions, go to home / .local / share / gnome-shell / and save the folder extensions, so you can go back to previous versions if any extensive bugs with any updates.
You will be able to install the extensions both from the site Gnome Extensions as by the Ubuntu store. Just access the category Add-ons and go to the tab Shell Extenses. At the outset Ubuntu informs that the use of extensions at the user's risk.
Some I can recommend only:
Hide Top Bar to save screen space, Gsconnect If you use the KdeConnect app, you do not need to install the program on Ubuntu and User themes to make it possible to apply third party themes to Ubuntu via Gnome Tweaks.
18 – Customizing the Ubuntu Dock
The very limited factory Ubuntu dock, however, being based on the famous Dash To Dock, it hides features that we can unravel with the help of a program.
So we need to install this app via the Ubuntu store, open it, and search for Dconf Editor, and install normally.
Be very careful with Dconf, it is an application that can make sensible changes in the system, and any errors can cause a mess in the interface.
When opening Dconf, click on the magnifying glass and search for Dash-to-DockThen select the option.
The Ubuntu dock has several hidden features, but I will mention just two, which I think are the most useful.
One option I always use is to minimize the application by clicking on its dock icon, by default Ubuntu doesn't come with this option.
Search for click action, clear the toggle switch Use default value, in Vcustom alor change to minimize-or-overview. Do not forget to click To applyotherwise nothing happens.
Come back by clicking on the top bar at dash-to-dock.
The second option for those who enjoy the menu at the top of the dock. Search for show-apps-at-top and change the selector switch.
A message asking for Recharge appears, click the button recharge, and so the change is complete.
19 – View information from your files in Nautilus
Ubuntu's file manager Nautilus is a great application. However a simple feature, seeing detailed information in the audio files, video and images, is not present. To get around this, we will add a plugin in Nautilus, which will allow us to see such information.
Look for Synaptic in the Ubuntu menu, and when running the application, search for gnome-sushi, check and install the add-on.
Soon after, we will restart the Ubuntu interface. Simultaneously press the keys, Alt + F2, a small dialog box appears, type the letter r and press ENTER. Wait for Gnome-Shell to restart.
To view the information in your audio, image and video files, press the right mouse button, go to properties and in the last tab, after Open with details will appear depending on the file type.
Did you like the post installation tips? I tried to be as comprehensive as possible, but it would be impossible to create a post installation for all types of users. Let's say this was a base.
What about, let's go to the tests with Ubuntu 19.04? Join our forum Diolinux Plus and leave your experience with this version of Ubuntu.
Until the next post, I wait for you here on the blog Diolinux, SYSTEMATICALLY!
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