On Monday (29), Jair Bolsonaro split opinions after saying that he knew what had happened to Fernando Augusto de Santa Cruz Oliveira, father of the president of the Brazilian Bar Association, Felipe Santa Cruz. The name of Fernando, a student, public servant and militant who disappeared during the military regime in 1974, appears on the list of political dead and missing in Brazil, available on the National Truth Commission (CNV) website.
Bolsonaro during presidential inauguration in January 2019 Photo: Reproduction / Marcelo Camargo, Agency Brazil
On the page you can also find other documents that address not only the period of military dictatorship, but other moments in the country's history. TechTudo teaches you how to navigate the site and download this and other files, which are available to anyone interested in learning more about Brazil's political and social narrative from 1946 to 1988.
The National Truth Commission website
Created in 2011 by Law 12528/2011, and instituted on May 16, 2012, the National Truth Commission (CNV) aimed to investigate crimes committed against human rights in Brazil between September 18, 1946 and October 5. Historically speaking, during this period the last two democratic constitutions of the country were promulgated.
The site documents were based on a thousand more testimonials, provided by victims and public agents. It is also possible to access more than 80 hearings and public sessions on human rights violations, especially during the military regime, which ran from April 1964 until March 1985. In this sense, the Constitution considers crimes caused by the state: arrests without legal character , torture and deaths caused by it, rape and sexual harassment, executions, body concealment, exile and forced disappearances.
You can access the page from any browser, including videos and photos. If you are looking for something more specific, enter the keyword in the search field. From the phone, it's also easy to download reports, but navigating through the tabs is a little less practical. This is because the MENU option does not show the full titles of some sections. On mobile, the site search tool is at the top of the page, but if you click MENU, it goes down and below the options. Some photos and videos may not load either on Android or iOS.
CNV closed its activities on December 10, 2014, after submitting its final report, which can be downloaded by anyone directly on the site. Divided into three volumes, the document brings a series of reports, testimonials, videos and photos that tell a little of the history of Brazil. Everything is available on the website home and TechTudo explains to you what they are and how to download each one.
How to download files on PC and mobile
From the desktop, you can download the three volumes of the final report by clicking on the buttons corresponding to each one. A new link will be generated and then just save the complete document.
To download each volume, simply click the corresponding button Photo: Playback / CNV
But it is also possible to download only a part or a chapter. To do so, you must select the Download option, which is next to the title, as shown in the image below.
You can also download specific chapters or parts separately. Photo: Playback / CNV
Another possibility is to download the documents cited separately throughout the report. As in the example above, just click Documents. You will be directed to a page that lists the complete and numbered list as indicated in the text itself. Remember that these documents are not within the report. That is, if you download the chapters or parts, or if you download it completely, to have access to the documents, you need to get them individually.
In the tab "Documents" is the list of documents cited in each chapter Photo: Reproduction / CNV
By phone the procedures are the same for downloading documents or chapters and parts separately. What changes the full text download. This is because the button of each volume does not appear on the mobile version. But there's no difficulty: just click Download next to the corresponding volume name of the report, as shown in the print below. In this case, the PDF will already be saved straight to your device, unlike the desktop.
Mobile can also download documents and the report, either in full or in part. Photo: Louise Rodrigues / TechTudo
The first volume of the report is more institutional and instructive. He reports on the activities carried out by the CNV, explains what human rights violations are, and presents the rapporteurs' conclusions and recommendations that episodes such as the narratives not be repeated in democracy.
Already Volume II has thematic texts, which were developed by members of the CNV working groups and based on testimonials, photos, videos and historical facts. They are documents that address the consequences caused by state crimes committed in the years of repression, as well as each group responded dictatorship. In all, there are seven texts, which focus on the military, organized workers, peasants, Christian churches, indigenous people, LGBT's, and universities.
The last volume, number 3, is the list of political dead and missing, which contains the name of the father of the president of the OAB, Felipe Santa Cruz. Quoted by Jair Bolsonaro, Fernando Santa Cruz is on page 1,601, being the 340 name. According to the report, he was last seen on a Carnival afternoon on February 23, 1974. The student left his brother's house to find a friend. Before leaving, he warned the family that if he did not report it until 6 pm, he would be arrested.
Father of OAB President Fernando Santa Cruz considered missing politician by National Truth Commission Photo: Art: National Truth Commission and National Archives
According to the report, military personnel reportedly passed by Fernando's house and seized books hours before his disappearance. He and his friend, Eduardo Collier Filho, were no longer seen and the family suspects that the two were arrested by the I Army's DOI-CODI. Summoned by CNV to give testimony, Claudio Guerra, who was a delegate of the Department of Political and Social Order in Esprito Santo (DOPS-ES), said Fernando was murdered and his body was incinerated at the Cambahyba Plant in Campos. Also according to the document, former army sergeant Marival Chaves Dias do Canto revealed in a statement that Fernando and Eduardo had been transferred from prison to a clandestine torture center.
Yesterday afternoon, Bolsonaro said he knew what would have happened to the president of the OAB president and that Felipe would not like to know. Asked later, the president said on a Facebook live that Fernando was killed by fellow militants, but the version has been disputed and Bolsonaro can be called on to clarify. Today, upon arriving at the Palacio da Alvorada, he said he did not trust CNV's work and said he could not prove his version. "I know what I said to you. There's nothing written that was that, that was that. My feeling was that," he told reporters. Meanwhile, opposition parties point out that the politician committed a crime of responsibility and could be impeached for it.
In all, there are 434 people mentioned in Volume III. Focused on the victims of the military dictatorship, the document provides a brief biography of each case, and the status of the investigation. It is also possible to know what CNV did during its exercise to locate the whereabouts or unravel the causes of each.