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How do I do my Ubuntu installation? – Tips and Optimizations

I have a long history with Ubuntu, it has always been efficient and stable for me, it has all the features I need, as well as having a great business representation, documentation and being the gateway name of many users to the Linux world, perfect for those who work with what we work here at Diolinux.

Although we generally recommend for more serious work the LTS version of Ubuntu, I am using verse 19.04 (a regular LTS release) Since its release in April of this year (2019), it has brought some optimizations over GNOME Shell, and much faster and optimizes than 18.04 LTS (unfortunately until …), Which made me choose her for now, besides having a look that pleases me by default.

I am aware, and good of you too, that this release will have its security update support ending around January 2020 or so, which means using version 19.10, which comes out in October, or going back to 18.04 LTS. (which I do not mean), since the next version, 20.04 LTS, will only come out in April next year.

My Ubuntu installation is not exactly standard, I use the "Minimal Desktop" installation, which brings less applications and makes the desktop a bit more compact. Check out the video below for the difference between the two modes:

The reason for choosing this is simple: I want to finish the installation as soon as possible and I want the system to be as ready as possible for my use (after all money), but I don't want several applications that I don't need.

This mode allows me to install full Ubuntu, with translation, codecs, drivers, without many applications I don't use, like Thunderbird or LibreOffice.

For this, during installation, I always mark the option to upgrade the system while installing, and also the option to install third party software, which include basic codecs and essential drivers.

And after installing?

I currently use a 6GB RTX 2060 and use the Nvidia driver repository for Ubuntu as you can check here in this article.

After that, I restart the computer.

Removing Snaps

I like the concept of Snap packages, but they also have their pros and cons, like almost everything. I find it unnecessary to use Snaps for some standard Ubuntu applications that end up not getting well integrated with the theme I like to use, so for purely aesthetic reasons, I remove these packages:

– gnome-system-monitor

– gnome-calculator

– gnome-characters

– gnome-logs

To remove them, you can use the app store, browse and remove each one. But despite that, they are useful, so I install their counterparts in .deb. If you want to do everything at once, use this command on the terminal:

snap remove gnome-system-monitor gnome-calculator gnome-characters gnome-logs && sudo apt install gnome-system-monitor gnome-calculator gnome-characters gnome-logs -y

Codecs

Another important thing of ensuring compatibility with media files, especially for those who work with content production, so the package ubuntu-restricted-extras It ends up working very well.

You can install all the codecs you need from the app store in graphical mode without a terminal, but if you prefer to do it through the terminal:

sudo apt install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Google Chrome My next stop is Google Chrome, I love the browser and I use it for everything on the internet for many years, in case Ubuntu only downloads the .deb straight from the Google site and install by double clicking.

Flatpak

For Ubuntu 19.04, you can install and enable the flathub repository to install packages from the app store like this:

sudo apt install flatpak

sudo apt install gnome-software-plugin-flatpak

flatpak remote-add –if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo

And I install OBS Studio (which works with NVENC and Linux Browser) and GIMP like this:

flatpak install flathub com.obsproject.Studio

flatpak install flathub org.gimp.GIMP

In the case of GIMP, I also install our patch, PhotoGIMP.

Gnome Tweaks I don't usually make many changes in the default Ubuntu (GNOME), the only thing I change the default theme to its "dark mode". For this I use GNOME Tweaks:

sudo apt install gnome-tweaks

Within the "Appearance" section of the program, I change the theme to "Yaru Dark".

Installing Snaps

Like I said, I like Snaps, but I think they make more sense at times, like now, where third-party Apps are officially supported and supported, like Spotify and Skype, so you can look for them in the app store or:

sudo snap install spotify

sudo snap install skype

Extensions for GNOME

I lost a lot of the habit of visually customizing my desktop, but I use two extensions that speed up my productivity, both of which you find in the app store:

Multi Monitors Add-On: Very interesting for those who work with two or more screens.

Sound Input & Output Device Chooser: It has a self-explanatory name, attaches itself to the GNOME sound menu, and allows for quick switching between audio input and output devices, which is useful for people like me who have multiple devices connected to the computer.

Extra Programs

Some other programs are part of my application set, such as DaVinci Resolve for video editing.

To accompany DaVinci Resolve and convert videos to a format that the editor, in its free mode, accepts, I use software called WinFF.

Other programs that are part of my daily use are:

GUVCVIEW

– Telegram

Gnome-Sushi

Steam

Proton

Lutris and Wine

Dropbox

Insync

Simplenote

Flameshot

Piper

Additional Settings

Finally, some additional settings I make on my Ubuntu:

– Disable notification balloons on the control panel.

Notification Settings

– I habitually send errors in the privacy menu.

Error submission setup

These are the basic settings I make in Ubuntu for my convenience.

But of course …

None of this is a "closed package", of course, I will install more programs as needed, as well as make other adjustments as needed.

Feel free to share your tips here and in our forum, participate and help the community grow.

See you next time!